Salamanca, University of

Salamanca, University of

Spanish  Universidad De Salamanca,  

      state institution of higher learning at Salamanca, Spain. It was founded in 1218 under Alfonso IX, but its real beginnings date from 1254, when, under Alfonso X, grandson of the founder, three chairs in canon law and one each in grammar, arts, and physics were established. From that time until the end of the 16th century, Salamanca was one of the leading centres of learning in Europe, ranking with Paris, Bologna, and Oxford. Francisco de Vitoria (Vitoria, Francisco de), in his lectures there (1526–46), set forth some of the fundamental principles of international law, and the scholar and poet Luis de León (León, Luis de) lectured in the university from 1561 until his death in 1591, except for the years 1572–76, when he was a prisoner of the Inquisition on a charge of unorthodoxy; a room in the university is still known as his aula (lecture hall).

      The university was at its peak in 1584, with nearly 7,000 students. A decline began at the end of the 16th century, and by 1875 enrollment was down to 391. In the early 19th century, a quarter of Salamanca containing many university buildings was destroyed by the French when the defeat of Napoleon ended their occupation of Spain (for its present buildings, see Salamanca). The university continued ecclesiastical until 1835, after which it was forcibly secularized. The contemporary university has faculties of philosophy and letters, law, science, medicine, and pharmacy.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salamanca, University of — • Spanish university. Had its beginning in the Cathedral School under the direction, from the twelfth century, of a magister scholarum (chancellor) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • University of Salamanca —     University of Salamanca     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► University of Salamanca     This university had its beginning in the Cathedral School under the direction, from the twelfth century, of a magister scholarum (chancellor). From this… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • University of Copenhagen — Københavns Universitet Latin: Universitas Hafniensis Motto Coelestem adspicit lucem ( …   Wikipedia

  • University of Oulu — Oulun yliopisto Latin: Universitas Ouluensis Established 1958 …   Wikipedia

  • University of Lisbon — Universidade de Lisboa Latin: Universitas Olisiponensis Motto ad lucem To the Light …   Wikipedia

  • University of Oviedo — Universidad de Oviedo Seal of the University of Oviedo Latin: Universitas Ovetensis Motto Sigillum Regiae Universitatis Ovetensis …   Wikipedia

  • University of Porto — Universidade do Porto Motto Virtus Unita Fortius Agit Established 1911 Type …   Wikipedia

  • University of Zaragoza — Universidad de Zaragoza Established Known as the School of Zaragoza in 7th century, the Official Website clai …   Wikipedia

  • University of Minho — Universidade do Minho Established 1973 Type Public University …   Wikipedia

  • University of Salamanca — Infobox University name = University of Salamanca native name = Universidad de Salamanca caption = Seal of the University of Salamanca latin name = Universitas Studii Salamanticensis motto = established = 1218 type = Public endowment = staff =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”