- Ṣāʿiqah, al-
▪ Syrian guerrilla organizationArabic“Thunderbolt”Syrian guerrilla force sponsored by the Syrian government with the purpose of promoting the interests of the Palestinian branch of the Syrian Baʿth Party. Al-Ṣāʿiqah was founded by the party in 1968 and has maintained a socialist ideology. Chosen from the Palestinians in the upper ranks of the Syrian army, members viewed al-Ṣāʿiqah as an alternative to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and unsuccessfully challenged that group's supremacy before engaging in guarded cooperation with Fatah, the major group within the PLO. The chief of al-Ṣāʿiqah, Zuhayr Muḥsin (Muḥsin, Zuhayr), was a member of the PLO executive committee until his assassination in 1979. He was replaced by another Syrian protégé, ʿIsām al-Qāḍī. Al-Ṣāʿiqah opposed the Israeli-Palestinian peace process of the 1990s.
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