Sachs, Hans

Sachs, Hans

▪ German poet and composer
born Nov. 5, 1494, Nürnberg, Ger.
died Jan. 19, 1576, Nürnberg

      German burgher, meistersinger, and poet who was outstanding for his popularity, output, and aesthetic and religious influence. He is idealized in Richard Wagner's (Wagner, Richard) opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

      Wagner's opera is partly a tribute to the common people—and Sachs was one of them. The son of a tailor, he was apprenticed to a shoemaker in 1509 after studying at a Latin school. He became a master cobbler in about 1519. Many guild workmen and tradesmen of that day practiced a type of singing based on elaborate rules; to become meistersingers (meistersinger) (“master singers”), they had to prove themselves in a contest. Sachs became a master in the Nürnberg Singschule in about 1520, conducted a school of meistersingers at Munich, and headed the Nürnberg group in 1554.

      Some of Sachs's 4,000 meisterlieder (“master songs”), which he began writing in 1514, are religious. An early champion of Martin Luther's cause, he wrote a verse allegory, Die Wittembergisch Nachtigall (1523; “The Nightingale of Wittenberg”) that immediately became famous and advanced the Reformation in Nürnberg. His 2,000 other poetic works include 200 verse dramas, 85 of which are Fastnachtsspiele, or homely comedies written to entertain Shrovetide carnival crowds.

      Sachs remained a cobbler while pursuing the arts. Grief came to him with the loss of his seven children and, in 1560, of his wife. After marrying again in 1561, when he was 66, he resumed his output of cheerful composition. Virtually forgotten after his death, Sachs was rediscovered two centuries later by J.W. von Goethe. Some of Sachs's plays, such as Der farent Schüler im Paradeis (1550; The Wandering Scholar), are performed today, and renewed interest in Renaissance music has resulted in a revival of his songs.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sachs,Hans — Sachs (zäks, săks), Hans. 1494 1576. German writer and Meistersinger noted for his many dramas, poems, and songs. His life inspired Wagner s opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1868). * * * …   Universalium

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  • Sachs, Hans — (1494 1576)    Playwright. Sachs is best known as a central character in Richard Wagner s opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, but his significance in the German theater derives from his prodigious output as a playwright and adaptor of… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Sachs, Hans — (1494 1576)    Nuremberg shoemaker, poet, and play wright, who devoted much of his literary output to making propa ganda for the Lutheran Reformation. Born the son of a tailor, he at tended Latin school for eight years and at age 15 was… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Sachs, Hans — ► (1494 1576) Poeta alemán. Considerado el mejor representante del grupo de los meistersinger (maestros cantores). Autor del canto a Lutero El ruiseñor de Wittemberg (1523) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SACHS, HANS —    a noted early German poet, born at Nürnberg; the son of a tailor, by trade a shoemaker; learned the mystery of song from a weaver; was a contemporary of Luther, who acknowledged his services in the cause of the Reformation; in his seventy… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hans-Sachs-Preis — Hans Sachs Hans Sachs, Holzschnitt von Hans Brosamer Hans Sachs (* 5. November 1494 in Nürnberg; † 19. Januar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Sachs — Hans Sachs, Holzschnitt von Michael Ostendorfer (1545) Hans Sachs (* 5. November 1494 in Nürnberg; † 19. Januar 1576 ebenda) war ein Nürnberger Spruchdichter, Meistersinger und Dramatiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Sachs (Dichter) — Hans Sachs Hans Sachs, Holzschnitt von Hans Brosamer Hans Sachs (* 5. November 1494 in Nürnberg; † 19. Januar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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