Sabatier, Paul

Sabatier, Paul

▪ French chemist
born Nov. 5, 1854, Carcassonne, France
died Aug. 14, 1941, Toulouse

      French organic chemist and corecipient, with Victor Grignard (Grignard, Victor), of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for researches in catalytic organic synthesis, in particular for discovering the use of nickel as a catalyst in hydrogenation (the addition of hydrogen to molecules of carbon compounds).

      Sabatier studied at the École Normale Supérieure and under Marcellin Berthelot (Berthelot, Pierre-Eugène-Marcellin) at the Collège de France, earning his doctorate in 1880. After a year at the University of Bordeaux, he moved to the University of Toulouse in 1882, where he became professor (1884) and dean (1905) and where he remained until retirement (1930).

      Sabatier's various discoveries formed the bases of the margarine, oil hydrogenation, and synthetic methanol industries, as well as of numerous laboratory syntheses. He explored nearly the whole field of catalytic syntheses in organic chemistry, personally investigating several hundred hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions, showing that several other metals besides nickel possess catalytic activity, though in smaller degree. He also studied catalytic hydration and dehydration, examining both the feasibility of specific reactions and the general activity of the various catalysts.

▪ French historian
born Aug. 3, 1858, Saint-Michel-de-Chabrillanoux [Ardèche], Fr.
died March 4, 1928, Strasbourg

      French historian and educator who is chiefly remembered for his biography of St. Francis of Assisi.

      A Calvinist from birth, Sabatier began his studies at the Protestant faculty of theology in Paris in 1880 and became pastor of St. Nicholas, Strasbourg, in 1885. He was expelled from Alsace in 1889 because he refused to become a German subject, and, although he was given a parish in the Cévennes, ill health forced him to retire. He devoted himself to historical research. He was professor of Protestant theology at Strasbourg from 1919 until his death.

      Sabatier's Vie de St. François d'Assise (1893), which showed little regard for historical objectivity, enjoyed an immediate success and ran through more than 40 editions during its author's lifetime.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sabatier , Paul — (1854–1941) French chemist Sabatier, who was born at Carcassone in southwest France, was a student at the Ecole Normale, Paris, and gained his PhD from the Collège de France in 1880. He became professor of chemistry at the University of Toulouse… …   Scientists

  • Sabatier,Paul — Sa·ba·tier (sä bä tyāʹ), Paul. 1854 1941. French chemist. He shared a 1912 Nobel Prize for developing methods of hydrogenating organic compounds. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sabatier, Paul — ► (1854 1941) Químico francés. Premio Nobel de Química, compartido con V. Grinard, por el descubrimiento del uso del níquel en la hidrogenación catalítica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sabatier — Paul …   Scientists

  • Paul Sabatier (Chemiker) — Paul Sabatier Paul Sabatier (* 5. November 1854 in Carcassonne; † 14. August 1941 in Toulouse) war ein französischer Chemiker. Sabatier erhielt 1912 den Nobelpreis für Chemie „für seine Methode, organische Verbindungen bei Gegenwart fein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Sabatier — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paul Sabatier Paul Sabatier (5 de noviembre de 1854, Carcasona 14 de agosto de 1941, Toulouse) fue un químico y profesor universitario francés galardonado con el …   Wikipedia Español

  • SABATIER (P., 1858-1928) — SABATIER PAUL (1858 1928) Historien protestant français, élève d’Auguste Sabatier à Paris et Cévenol comme ce dernier, mais sans parenté avec lui. Pasteur à la paroisse française de Strasbourg, puis dans le Vivarais, Paul Sabatier est contraint… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SABATIER (P., 1854-1941) — SABATIER PAUL (1854 1941) Chimiste français né à Carcassonne et mort à Toulouse. Après des études à l’École normale supérieure de Paris, Paul Sabatier devient l’assistant de M. Berthelot et obtient son doctorat en 1880. Nommé professeur à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sabatier — Sabatier, Auguste Sabatier, Paul …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paul Sabatier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sabatier. Paul Sabatier Paul Sabatier en 1915 Naissance 5 novembre 1854 Carcassonne ( …   Wikipédia en Français

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