Robinson, Rubye

Robinson, Rubye

▪ American civil rights activist
née  Rubye Doris Smith 
born April 25, 1942, Atlanta, Ga., U.S.
died Oct. 9, 1967, Atlanta

      American civil rights activist whose short life proved to be a powerful influence on the Civil Rights Movement.

      Rubye Smith had little direct contact with whites while she was growing up. At age 13, however, she watched the television coverage of the boycott of the Montgomery, Alabama, bus system, and the sight of large numbers of African Americans refusing to submit to racist policies made a strong impression. When Smith entered Spelman College in 1959, she soon became involved in nonviolent demonstrations to integrate Atlanta and was one of the first participants in Atlanta's lunch-counter sit-ins. By 1961 she had joined the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). While protesting student arrests in Rock Hill, South Carolina, Smith herself was arrested and, in accordance with SNCC's “jail no bail” strategy, served a 30-day jail sentence. Following her release, Smith risked mob violence by joining the Freedom Riders in their mission to revoke state laws that mandated segregation on interstate travel. She was again arrested, this time on a charge of “inflammatory” traveling.

      In 1964 Smith married Clifford Robinson. Even after the birth of a child, she continued to work as a professional activist, and in 1966 she became SNCC's first female executive secretary. SNCC had become increasingly militant, but Rubye Robinson continued to give the organization her full support, although she was in only partial agreement with chairman Stokely Carmichael's outspoken endorsement of violence. She resigned her post with SNCC when she was diagnosed with leukemia, and she died shortly thereafter.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rubye Robinson — ( née Rubye Doris Smith) (April 25 1942 ndash; October 9 1967) was an American civil rights activist.Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Smith entered Spelman College in 1959, where she began participating in non violent sit ins. She joined the Student… …   Wikipedia

  • Robinson (Name) — Robinson ist ein häufiger Familienname und seltener auch ein männlicher Vorname. Bedeutung Der Name ist patronymisch gebildet und bedeutet „Sohn des Robin“. Varianten Varianten sind Robson, Robeson, Robison und Robinsohn. Bekannte Namensträger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee — (abbr SNCC) one of the active African American organizations during the civil rights movement. It was begun in 1960 by black and white students in Raleigh, North Carolina. SNCC was against the use of violence until Stokely Carmichael became its… …   Universalium

  • List of Alpha Kappa Alpha sisters — The list of Alpha Kappa Alpha sisters (commonly referred to as AKAs cite web |url= pdf.pdf | format=PDF| title=AKA Quick Facts |publisher=Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated| format=PDF |accessdate …   Wikipedia

  • Winston E. Scott — Infobox Astronaut name =Winston Elliott Scott type =NASA Astronaut status =Retired nationality =American date birth =August 6, 1950 place birth =Miami, Florida occupation =Pilot rank =Captain, USN selection =1992 NASA Group time =24d 14h 35m… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”