Richmond upon Thames

Richmond upon Thames

 outer borough of London. It is drained by a 12-mile (19-km) section of the River Thames (Thames, River), which bisects the borough and also forms its northern and southern boundaries. Richmond upon Thames was established in 1965 by amalgamation of the boroughs of Barnes and Richmond, east of the Thames, which belong to the historic county of Surrey with Twickenham, historically part of Middlesex. It includes such areas and historic villages as (north to south) Castelnau, Kew, Barnes, Mortlake, East Sheen, Richmond, Whitton, Twickenham, Petersham, Ham, Hanworth (in part), Teddington, Hampton Hill, Hampton, and Hampton Wick.

      The name Tudinton (now Teddington) dates to AD 969; Mortelage (Mortlake) and Patricesham (Petersham) were recorded in Domesday Book in 1086; and the name Cayho (Kew) first appeared in 1327. In the early 16th century the manor house of Rychemonde (now Richmond) was rebuilt by Henry VII (Henry (VII)) in a district known as Shene (Sheen). A bridge was built across the Thames at Kew in the mid-18th century, and another was subsequently built at Twickenham. The local population increased markedly in the 18th century and even more rapidly in the 19th century, when railways arrived. The borough is primarily residential in character although it has small riverside industries, including yards for building and repairing small craft.

      Notable edifices include Hampton Court, which was a home of Henry VIII; the remains of Richmond Palace (used by Edward III, Henry V, Elizabeth I, and several other monarchs); White Lodge, Richmond Park (now used by the Royal Ballet School); and Strawberry Hill (built in the 18th century by Horace Walpole (Walpole, Horace, 4th earl of Orford) in Gothic style). Ham House (c. 1610) is in a picturesque riverside setting, whereas the Octagon, associated with the Orleans House Gallery, is an 18th-century structure set in a wooded garden. Kew Gardens is a world-famous botanical garden on the site of a former royal estate, and the National Physical Laboratory (1900) in Teddington is a centre for technological advancement and for national measurement standards.

      Nearly two-fifths of the borough's area is maintained as public open space, including Richmond and Bushy parks (both former royal hunting grounds), Barnes Common, Sheen Common, Ham Common, Marble Hill Park, and Old Deer Park (site of an observatory used from 1769 to 1981). Twickenham is the headquarters for the Rugby Football Union. At Mortlake is the finish line of the annual 4.25-mile (6.8-km) University Boat Race between the eight-man rowing teams of Oxford (Oxford, University of) and Cambridge (Cambridge, University of).

      The borough has rail and London Underground (subway) links and is crossed by major roadways. Area 22 square miles (57 square km). Pop. (2001) 172,335.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richmond upon Thames — (district londonien) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richmond. District londonien de Richmond upon Thames Géographie Statut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richmond upon thames — (district londonien) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richmond. District londonien de Richmond upon Thames Géographie Statut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richmond upon Thames — London Borough of Richmond upon Thames Lage in Greater London Status London Borough Region …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richmond upon Thames — El municipio de Richmond upon Thames (London Borough of Richmond upon Thames) (pronunciación ▶?/i) es un Municipio de Londres situado en el suroeste de del Gran Londres. Contenido 1 Situación geográfica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richmond-upon-Thames — Richmond u|pon Thames also Richmond an area of southwest London that includes ↑Kew Gardens, ↑Hampton Court, and Richmond Park, a very large park …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Richmond upon Thames — geographical name see Richmond 7 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Richmond-upon-Thames — ► Mun. de Gran Bretaña, uno de los 32 que forman el Gran Londres; 163 700 h. Famosos parques …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richmond upon Thames (district londonien) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richmond. District londonien de Richmond upon Thames Géographie Statut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richmond upon thames (ville) — Richmond Palace Richmond upon Thames est une ville du district de Richmond upon Thames, dans le Grand Londres. Ce lieu portait d abord le nom de Shene : il doit son nom actuel au roi Henri VII, comte de Richmond, qui l habita et y mourut en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richmond upon Thames local elections — Richmond upon Thames Council in London, England is elected every four years.Political controlConservative 1964 1982No overall control 1982 1986SDP Liberal Alliance 1986 1990Liberal Democrats 1990 2002Conservative 2002 2006Liberal Democrats 2006… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”