Renouvier, Charles-Bernard

Renouvier, Charles-Bernard

▪ French philosopher
born Jan. 1, 1815, Montpellier, France
died Sept. 1, 1903, Prades

      French neocritical idealist philosopher who rejected all necessary connection between universal laws and morality. Never an academic, Renouvier wrote prolifically and with great influence. He accepted Kant's critical philosophy as a starting point but drew vastly different conclusions. He held, for example, that phenomena are appearances of themselves only, not of things in themselves that lie beyond or beneath appearances. Since relationship pervades all categories of knowledge, each phenomenon is apprehended in relation to other phenomena.

      Renouvier's background in mathematics (École Polytechnique [“Polytechnic School”], 1834–36) prompted his “law of numbers.” He saw each number as unique, distinctly itself, irreducible, but related to all other numbers. By applying this principle of uniqueness to human beings, he thereby precluded their absorption into a group consciousness or absolute mind. Having rejected the notion of infinite numbers, he moved on to a denial of all infinity, including infinity of space and time. He viewed God not as a substance or an absolute but as the moral order itself, capable of limitless perfection.

      Renouvier identified human individuality with self-determination and free will, necessary postulates for morality and certitude in knowing. He made no distinction between knowledge and belief. Renouvier explained the consistency of human behaviour by pointing to the homogeneity of humankind.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Renouvier, Charles Bernard — ► (18151903) Filósofo francés, iniciador del neocriticismo, que continúa, modificándola, la doctrina de Kant. Fundamenta sus teorías en las idea de que la libertad es también posible en el mundo fenoménico. Expone su doctrina en Ensayos de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Bernard Renouvier — Charles Renouvier Full name Charles Renouvier Born January 1, 1815(1815 01 01) Montpellier Died September 1, 1903(1903 09 01) (aged 88) Prades, Pyr …   Wikipedia

  • Renouvier — Renouvier, Charles Bernard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Renouvier — Charles Bernard Renouvier. Charles Bernard Renouvier (Montpellier; 1 de enero de 1815 Prades; 1 de septiembre de 1903) fue un filósofo y escritor francés. Se considera un neokantiano, autor de un sistema filosófico propio denominado neocriticismo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles de Bernard — may refer to:* Charles Bernard Renouvier, French philosopher * Pierre Marie Charles de Bernard du Grail de la Villette (1804 1850), writeree also* Charles Bernard …   Wikipedia

  • Renouvier —   [rənu vje], Charles Bernard, französischer Philosoph, * Montpellier 1. 1. 1815, ✝ Prades 1. 9. 1903; begründete den Neukantianismus in Frankreich. Renouvier vertrat einen antimetaphysischen ethischen Personalismus; er betonte die Personalität,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • James, William — born Jan. 11, 1842, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1910, Chocorua, N.H. U.S. philosopher and psychologist. Son of the philosophical writer Henry James (1811–82) and brother of the novelist Henry James, he studied medicine at Harvard, where he …   Universalium

  • List of philosophy topics (R-Z) — RRaRabad Rabbinic law Rabbinic theology Francois Rabelais François Rabelais race racetrack paradox racism Gustav Radbruch Janet Radcliffe Richards Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan radical Aristotelianism radical behaviourism radical feminism radical… …   Wikipedia

  • idealism — /uy dee euh liz euhm/, n. 1. the cherishing or pursuit of high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc. 2. the practice of idealizing. 3. something idealized; an ideal representation. 4. Fine Arts. treatment of subject matter in a work of art… …   Universalium

  • Kantianism — [kan′tē əniz΄əm] n. the philosophy of Kant, who held that the content of knowledge comes a posteriori from sense perception, but that its form is determined by a priori categories of the mind: he also declared that God, freedom, and immortality,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”