Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral

also called  the Cathedral of Notre-Dame at Reims, 
 
cathedral located in the city of Reims, France, on the Vesle River east-northeast of Paris. Reims was the site of 25 coronations of the kings of France, from Louis VIII in 1223 to Charles X in 1825, including the crowning of Charles VII in 1429 in the presence of Joan of Arc (Joan of Arc, Saint). The cathedral, which was begun in 1211 under the auspices of Archbishop Aubry de Humbert and designer Jean d'Orbais, was modeled on Chartres Cathedral (begun about 1194) and was intended to replace an earlier church destroyed by fire in 1210. The main construction was overseen by four different architects and lasted some 80 years; expansions and decorative work continued on the church for centuries.

      Reims Cathedral incorporated several new architectural techniques, notably bar tracery. It has a total finished length of 489 feet (149.2 metres)—about 26 feet (8 metres) longer than Chartres—with an interior length of 455 feet (138.7 metres) and a nave reaching 377 feet (115 metres). The twin towers in the west facade have a height of 266 feet (81 metres). The chevet (eastern end), with its five relatively large chapels (chapel), is nearly the same width as the transept (201 feet [61.3 metres]), giving the cathedral an unusually compact, unified appearance. This unity is emphasized by the use of nearly identical window types in the aisle and clerestory stories, as well as the complementary rose windows (rose window) in the west facade and central portal and those in the transepts' facades. Reims is richly decorated with elegant masonry sculpture (particularly the exterior) and exceptional stained-glass windows, making it one of the artistic masterpieces of the French High Gothic period (Western architecture).

  The cathedral's historic site, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List (World Heritage site) in 1991, includes the former Abbey of Saint-Rémi (begun about 1170 and containing the remains of the 5th–6th century archbishop St. Remigius (Remigius of Reims, Saint)) and the archiepiscopal Tau Palace (reconstructed in the 17th century). Restoration was undertaken in the 20th century after the cathedral was seriously damaged by shelling during World War I.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reims Cathedral — Cathedral of Notre Dame, Former Abbey of Saint Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia

  • Reims — Rheims redirects here. For the artist, see Bettina Rheims. For other uses, see Reims (disambiguation). Reims City hall (hôtel de ville) …   Wikipedia

  • Reims — /reemz/; Fr. /rddaonns/, n. a city in NE France: cathedral; unconditional surrender of Germany May 7, 1945. 183,610. Also, Rheims. * * * or Rheims City (pop., 1999: 187,206), northeastern France. The ancient capital of the Gallic tribe of the… …   Universalium

  • Cathedral architecture of Western Europe — A cathedral is a church, usually Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from the word cathedra , or Bishop s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis ). The term is often… …   Wikipedia

  • Reims — • Archdiocese of Reims comprising the district of Reims in the Department of Marne and the whole Department of Ardennes Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Reims     Reims      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela — Santiago de Compostela Cathedral is situated in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. The cathedral is the reputed burial place of Saint James the Greater, one of the apostles of Jesus Christ. It is the destination of the Way of St. James… …   Wikipedia

  • Reims — noun a city in northeastern France to the east of Paris; scene of the coronation of most French kings; site of the unconditional German surrender in 1945 at the end of World War II • Syn: ↑Rheims • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cathedral school — ▪ medieval European school       medieval European school run by cathedral clergy. Originally the function of such schools was to train priests, but later they taught lay students as well usually boys of noble families being prepared for high… …   Universalium

  • cathedral — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. cathedral church, duomo. See temple. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. principal church, bishop s seat, temple, house of God, house of prayer, Holy place, minster, basilica, duomo; see also church 1 , temple .… …   English dictionary for students

  • Reims — city, NE France; site of a famous cathedral; pop. 181,000 …   Webster's Gazetteer

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”