Rechabite

Rechabite

▪ Israelite sect
      member of a conservative, ascetic Israelite sect that was named for Rechab, the father of Jehonadab. Jehonadab was an ally of Jehu, a 9th-century-BC king of Israel, and a zealous antagonist against the worshippers of Baal, a Canaanite fertility deity. Though of obscure origin, the Rechabites apparently were related to the Kenites, according to I Chron. 2:55, a tribe eventually absorbed into Judah in the 10th century BC.

      The Rechabites were separatists who refused to participate in agricultural pursuits, drink wine, or engage in other practices associated with the Canaanites. Believing that the semi-nomadic way of life was a religious obligation, they herded their flocks over much of Israel and Judah. They were fervent followers of Yahweh, the God of Israel, and are best known for their connection with the slaughter of the worshippers of Baal during the revolt led by Jehu. According to later Jewish tradition, the Rechabites intermarried with the Levites, the priestly class.

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  • Rechabite — Re chab*ite (r[=e] k[a^]b*[imac]t), n. (Jewish Hist.) One of the descendants of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the vine. Jer. xxxv. 2 19. Also, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • réchabite — (ré cha bi t ) s. m. Nom, dans Jérémie, de Juifs qui ne buvaient pas de vin, ne labouraient ni ne semaient, ni ne bâtissaient de maison, mais habitaient dans des tentes. SUPPLÉMENT AU DICTIONNAIRE    RÉCHABITE. Ajoutez : ÉTYM. Cette secte juive a …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Rechabite — Rechabites the descendants of Rechab through Jonadab or Jehonadab. They belonged to the Kenites, who accompanied the children of Israel into the holy land, and dwelt among them. Moses married a Kenite wife, [Judges 1:16] and Jael was the wife of… …   Wikipedia

  • rechabite — rech·ab·ite …   English syllables

  • Rechabite — /ˈrɛkəbaɪt/ (say rekuhbuyt) noun 1. one of a Jewish family which refused to drink wine or live in houses, descended from Jonadab, son of Rechab. 2. someone who abstains from intoxicating liquor, especially a member of the Independent Order of… …  

  • rechabite — ˈrekəˌbīt noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Late Latin Rechabitae (plural), from Hebrew Rēkhābh Rechab, ancestor of the family (Jer 35:2) + Latin ita ite 1. : a member of a family group in ancient Israel that lived in tent …   Useful english dictionary

  • rechabitism — ˌbīd.ˌizəm, īˌtiz noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized : the practice of a Rechabite * * * Rechˈabitism noun • • • Main Entry: ↑Rechabite …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jehu — Yehu redirects here, for the instrument, see Yehu (instrument).Jehu (Hebrew Name|יְהוּא|Yehu|Yəhû| The Lord is He ) was king of Israel, the son of Jehoshaphat [Jehu’s father was not the roughly contemporaneous King Jehoshaphat of Judah, whose own …   Wikipedia

  • John the Baptist — Saint John the Baptist John the Baptist by Bartolomeo Veneto 16th century Prophet, Preacher, Forerunner, Martyr Born c. 5 BC Died 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Independent Order of Rechabites — The Independent Order of Rechabites was a Friendly Society founded in England in 1835 as part of the temperance movement to promote total abstinence from alcoholic beverages. Always well connected in upper society and involved in financial… …   Wikipedia

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