Quantrill, William C.

Quantrill, William C.

▪ American outlaw
in full  William Clarke Quantrill,  pseudonym  Charley Hart 
born July 31, 1837, Canal Dover, Ohio, U.S.
died June 6, 1865, Louisville, Ky.
 captain of a guerrilla band irregularly attached to the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, notorious for the sacking of the free-state stronghold of Lawrence, Kan. (Aug. 21, 1863), in which at least 150 people were burned or shot to death.

      Growing up in Ohio, Quantrill taught school in Ohio and then Illinois and, in 1857, moved to Kansas, where he first tried farming, without much enthusiasm. By the end of 1860, while living near Lawrence, he fell into thievery and murder, was charged with horse stealing, and began life on the run. After the outbreak of the American Civil War he first served with the Confederate Army in Missouri but then, independently, put together a gang of guerrillas, who raided and robbed towns and farms with Union sympathies. The Union forces declared Quantrill's Raiders to be outlaws; the Confederates made them an official troop in August 1862, giving Quantrill the rank of captain.

      On Aug. 21, 1863, his troop of about 450 men raided Lawrence, pillaging, burning, and killing. Two months later, donning Federal uniforms, the raiders surprised a detachment of Union soldiers at Baxter Springs, Kan., and slaughtered about 90 of them. As the Civil War drew to a close, dissension caused Quantrill's followers to break up into smaller bands to continue their criminal pursuits. Quantrill was mortally wounded on a raid into Kentucky in May 1865.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • QUANTRILL, William Clarke — (1837–1865)    Historically, Quantrill was a schoolteacher turned Southern partisan, known for developing guerilla hit and run raids of Union sympathizers in Kansas and Missouri. History usually portrays him as a cruel, vicious murderer and… …   Westerns in Cinema

  • Quantrill, William C(larke) — born July 31, 1837, Canal Dover, Ohio, U.S. died June 6, 1865, Louisville, Ky. U.S. outlaw and Confederate guerrilla. After working as an itinerant schoolteacher, he moved to Kansas, where he failed at farming. By 1860 he was a horse thief and… …   Universalium

  • Quantrill, William C(larke) — (31 jul. 1837, Canal Dover, Ohio, EE.UU.–6 jun. 1865, Louisville, Ky.). Delincuente estadounidense y guerrillero de la Confederación. Después de trabajar como maestro de escuela itinerante se fue a Kansas, donde fracasó en la agricultura. En 1860 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Quantrill,William Clarke — Quan·trill (kwŏnʹtrĭl ), William Clarke. 1837 1865. American desperado who led a guerrilla band that sporadically supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. He is infamous for his wanton killing of war prisoners and civilians. * * * …   Universalium

  • William Quantrill — William Clarke Quantrill Born July 31, 1837(1837 07 31) Canal Dover (now Dover), Ohio …   Wikipedia

  • Quantrill — William Clark Quantrill William Clark Quantrill (* 31. Juli 1837 in Canal Dover, Ohio; † 6. Juni 1865 in Louisville, Kentucky) war ein berüchtigter Partisanenführer im amerikanischen Sezessionskrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Clarke Quantrill — William Clark Quantrill William Clark Quantrill (* 31. Juli 1837 in Canal Dover, Ohio; † 6. Juni 1865 in Louisville, Kentucky) war ein berüchtigter Partisanenführer im amerikanischen Sezessionskrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Clark Quantrill — (* 31. Juli 1837 in Canal Dover, Ohio; † 6. Juni 1865 in Louisville, Kentucky) war ein berüchtigter Partisanenführer im amerikanischen Sezessionskrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Quantrill — William Clarke Quantrill (31 juillet 1837 6 juin 1865), un hors la loi américain, a été le chef de la plus sanglante unité de combat de la Guerre de Sécession. Il est responsable du massacre de Lawrence, au Kansas, l une des plus effroyables… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quantrill — William Quantrill William Quantrill William Clarke Quantrill (31 juillet 1837 6 juin 1865), un hors la loi américain, a été le chef de la plus sanglante unité de combat de la Guerre de Sécession. Il est responsable du massacre de Lawrence, au… …   Wikipédia en Français

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