Puyi

Puyi

▪ emperor of Qing dynasty
Wade-Giles romanization  P'u-i , also called  Henry Puyi , reign name  Xuantong 
born Feb. 7, 1906, Beijing, China
died Oct. 17, 1967, Beijing
 last emperor (1908–1911/12) of the Qing (Manchu) dynasty (Qing dynasty) (1644–1911/12) in China and puppet emperor of the Japanese-controlled state of Manchukuo (Chinese: Manzhouguo) from 1934 to 1945.

      Puyi succeeded to the Manchu throne at the age of three, when his uncle, the Guangxu emperor, died on Nov. 14, 1908. He reigned under a regency for three years, and then on Feb. 12, 1912, in response to the Republican Revolution of the previous year, he was forced to abdicate, ending the 267-year Qing rule of China and the 2,000-year-old imperial system. He was permitted to continue living in the palace in Beijing. Puyi chose Henry as a given name and was thereafter known as Henry Puyi in the West. In 1924 he secretly left Beijing to reside in the Japanese concession (colony) at Tianjin. On March 9, 1932, he was installed as president, and from 1934 to 1945 was emperor of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo in Manchuria (China's Northeast) under the reign title of Kangde. At the end of World War II he was taken prisoner by the Russians (August 1945) and returned to China for trial as a war criminal in 1950. He was pardoned in 1959 and went again to live in Beijing, where he first worked in the mechanical repair shop of a botanical garden and later became a researcher in the institute of literature and history under the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. His autobiography, From Emperor to Citizen, was published in English in 1964–65, and he was the subject of the 1987 biopic The Last Emperor.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PUYI — [P’OU YI] (1906 1967) Né à Pékin, Puyi, fils du prince Chun et neveu de l’empereur Guangxu, prend la succession de celui ci à l’âge de trois ans, le 2 décembre 1908. La régence est d’abord assurée par le prince Chun puis par la veuve de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Puyi — fue el último emperador de la dinastía chino manchú de los Qing nacido en Pekín el 2 de febrero de 1906 y fallecido en la misma ciudad el 17 de octubre de 1967 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Puyi — Aisin Gioro Puyi 愛新覺羅.溥儀 Xuantong Emperor Emperor of Manchukuo …   Wikipedia

  • Puyi — Xuāntǒng L empereur Puyi, dernier empereur Qing Titre Empereur de Chine 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Puyi — Emperador Xuantong (宣統皇帝) Emperador de China El Emperador Xuantong en 1937. Emperador del Gran Qing 2 de diciembre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Puyi — Pu Yi als Kaiser von Mandschukuo Aisin Gioro Pu Yi Aisin Gioro Pǔ Yí [pʰu iː] (chin. 愛新覺羅·溥儀 /  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pǔyí — Pu Yi als Kaiser von Mandschukuo Aisin Gioro Pu Yi Aisin Gioro Pǔ Yí [pʰu iː] (chin. 愛新覺羅·溥儀 /  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Puyi Church — is a Christian denomination in China, among the Puyi ethnic group. It is centralized in Guizhou and Yunnan, and shows Catholic influence. ReferencesWorld Christian Encyclopedia, 2001 edition, Volume 1, page 197 …   Wikipedia

  • Aixinjueluo Puyi — Puyi Puyi. Aixinjueluo Puyi (né à Pékin le 7 février 1906 mort à Pékin le 17 octobre 1967), connu sous le nom de Puyi (溥儀, pǔyí), également orthographié Pou yi ou P ou yi mais appelé également de son nom de règne Xuāntǒng, est le douzième et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dernier Empereur — Puyi Puyi. Aixinjueluo Puyi (né à Pékin le 7 février 1906 mort à Pékin le 17 octobre 1967), connu sous le nom de Puyi (溥儀, pǔyí), également orthographié Pou yi ou P ou yi mais appelé également de son nom de règne Xuāntǒng, est le douzième et… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”