district, administrative and historic county of Dorset, southern England, lying along the English Channel in the southeastern part of the county. It includes the nearly landlocked, shallow Poole Harbour on its northeastern border and derives its name from its southeasterly peninsula, the Isle of Purbeck.

      The central part of Purbeck is a westerly extension of the infertile Hampshire Basin sands and clays. These lowlands are almost entirely barren heathlands, marshlands, or pine woodlands. Some mixed farming (mostly dairy cattle and cereals) occurs on the slightly elevated chalk plains at Purbeck's northern edge and amidst the assorted chalk and limestone ridges running generally parallel to the English Channel in the south. The Rivers Trent and Frome drain central Purbeck from the west, discharging into Poole Harbour. The south coast, officially designated an Area of Outstanding Beauty, has excellent examples of differential marine erosion because of its diverse geologic strata. The entirety of Purbeck district, with its sparsely populated ridges, secluded coves (such as Chapman's Pool along the south coast), marshes, and forests, was long recognized as a smuggler's haven.

      Wareham, near the mouth of the Trent, is the small district seat. The only other town of consequence is the isolated coastal resort of Swanage on the southeastern tip. Purbeck marble, quarried from the hills inland of Swanage, was once used in the construction of many famous churches in England. Oilfields, first worked in the mid-1970s, are located north and south of Wareham and are the United Kingdom's principal onshore oilfield operation. A prototype nuclear power station, located near the small town (parish) of Winfrith Newburgh in the district's southwest corner, was in operation from the late 1960s to 1990. Poole Harbour, separating the district from the resort town of Poole farther northeast, is popular with boaters. Area 157 square miles (406 square km). Pop. (2001) 44,419.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Purbeck — may refer to:* Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula in the English county of Dorset * Purbeck (district), a local government district in the English county of Dorset * Purbeck Hills, a range of hills in the English county of Dorset * Purbeck Marble, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Purbeck — District Lage in Dorset Status District Region South West England Verw.grafschaft Dorset …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Purbeck — /pûrˈbek/ adjective Of the Isle (really a peninsula) of Purbeck, in Dorset Purbeckˈian adjective (geology) Upper Jurassic (also noun) Purbeck marble or Purbeck stone noun A freshwater shelly limestone quarried in the Isle of Purbeck …   Useful english dictionary

  • Purbeck — Statut District non métropolitain Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Purbeck — (Isle of P.), Halbinsel an der Küste von Dorsetshire (England), im N. vom Hafen Poole begrenzt, war früher ein königlicher Forst und ist in geologischer Hinsicht interessant, indem ein Teil der Oolithenformation nach ihr benannt ist. Die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Purbeck — (spr. pör ), Brackwasserablagerungen des obersten Malms in Nordwestdeutschland und England …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Purbeck [2] — Purbeck, Isle of (spr. eil ŏf pör ), Halbinsel an der Südküste Englands, in der Grafsch. Dorset, 19 km lg., bis 12 km br.; Kalksteinbrüche, Töpferton …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Purbeck Stone — and Corfe Castle Village Centre Purbeck Stone (deutsch Purbeck Stein) ist ein Sedimentgestein. Gewonnen wird es wie auch der Purbeck Marble hauptsächlich auf der Halbinsel Isle of Purbeck in der Grafschaft Dorset an der Südküste von England …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Purbeck Ball Clay — Mine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Purbeck Marble — is a fossiliferous limestone quarried in the Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula in south east Dorset, England.It is one of many kinds of Purbeck Limestone, deposited in the late Jurassic or early Cretaceous periods.Purbeck Marble is not a metamorphic… …   Wikipedia

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