Prosper of Aquitaine, Saint
- Prosper of Aquitaine, Saint
▪ Christian polemicist
born c. 390, Lemovices, Aquitania
died c. 463, probably Rome; feast day July 7
early Christian polemicist famous for his defense of Augustine of Hippo (Augustine, Saint
) and his doctrine on grace, predestination, and free will, which became a norm for the teachings of the Roman Catholic church. Prosper's chief opponents were the Semi-Pelagians, who believed in the power of man's innate will to seek God, but at the same time accepted Augustine's concept of the universality of original sin as a corruptive force that cannot be overcome without God's grace.
Before 428, Prosper moved to Marseille, where he lived as a monk. Reacting to the rise of Semi-Pelagianism, he wrote (428) an appeal for help to Augustine, who replied with De praedestinatione sanctorum (“Concerning the Predestination of the Saints”) and De dono perseverantiae (“Concerning the Gift of Perseverance”). In response to continuing Semi-Pelagian attacks, Prosper single-handedly rose to Augustine's defense. In his writings he opposed one of the most revered monks of the era, Abbot John Cassian of Saint-Victor, as well as Vincent of Lérins. He also wrote a reply to the general attack on Augustine, Ad objectiones Gallorum calumniantium (“To the Objections of the Gallic Calumniators”).
After Augustine's death (430) in Hippo, Prosper went to Rome in 431 to enlist the aid of Pope Celestine I, who wrote a letter praising Augustine. Prosper then returned to France, but by 435 he had established himself at Rome as secretary to Pope Leo I the Great.
Before his death he composed a collection of Augustinian propositions called Liber sententiarum Sancti Augustini (“The Book of the Sentences of St. Augustine”), which was used in the decrees of the second Council of Orange in 529 refuting Semi-Pelagianism.
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Prosper d'Aquitaine — Prosper Tiro Demande de traduction Prosper of Aquitaine → … Wikipédia en Français
Prosper of Aquitaine — Infobox Saint name= Saint Prosper of Aquitaine birth date= 390 death date= 455 AD feast day= June 25 [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint id=884] venerated in= Roman Catholic Church imagesize= 250px caption= birth place= Aquitaine… … Wikipedia
Tiro Prosper of Aquitaine — Tiro Prosper of Aquitaine † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Tiro Prosper of Aquitaine The first sure date in the life of Prosper is that of his letter to St. Augustine written under the following circumstances. In 428 or 429 a certain Hilary… … Catholic encyclopedia
Saint Prosper — Prosper Tiro Demande de traduction Prosper of Aquitaine → … Wikipédia en Français
Prosper Tiro — ou Prosper d Aquitaine, naquit en Aquitaine vers 390. Il est écrivain chrétien, disciple d’Augustin d Hippone, correspondant et partisan d Augustin dans sa lutte contre les pélagiens. Il s attacha à diffuser la doctrine de la grâce d Augustin. Il … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-Prosper (Les Chenaux) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Prosper. Saint Prosper Ajouter une image Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-prosper (les chenaux) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Prosper. Saint Prosper Ajouter une image Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Saint Prosper — may refer to:*Prosper of Aquitaine, a Christian writer and disciple of Saint Augustine of Hippo *Prosper of Reggio, an Italian saint *Prosper of Orleans … Wikipedia
Saint Palladius — St. Palladius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Palladius First bishop sent by Pope Celestine to Ireland (431). The chronicle of the contemporary St. Prosper of Aquitaine present two import entries relating to Palladius. Under date of 429 … Catholic encyclopedia
Prosper von Aquitanien — Prosper von Aquitanien, gest. nach 455, eifriger Parteigänger des Augustinus gegenüber den gallischen Semipelagianern (s. d.), entfaltete eine reiche literarische Wirksamkeit. Seine Schriften sind in Migues »Patrologia«, Bd. 51, gesammelt. Seine… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon