Prichard, James Cowles

Prichard, James Cowles

▪ British physician and ethnologist
born Feb. 11, 1786, Ross, Herefordshire, Eng.
died Dec. 23, 1848, London

      English physician and ethnologist who was among the first to assign all the human races and ethnic groups to a single species. He was also responsible for the conception of moral insanity (psychopathic personality) as a distinct disease.

      Prichard received his early education at Bristol and early acquired knowledge of European and Oriental languages. After attending St. Thomas's Hospital, London, he went to the University of Edinburgh, where he took his M.D. in 1808. Settling in Bristol in 1810, he was appointed physician to St. Peter's Hospital in 1811 and to the Bristol Infirmary in 1814.

      His Researches as to the Physical History of Man (1813) was expanded into a five-volume work (1836–47). In his classic Natural History of Man (1843), he concluded that there was but a single human species. His Eastern Origin of the Celtic Nations (1831) established the Celtic languages as a branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Prichard was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1827.

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  • Prichard, James Cowles —    (1786–1848)    Best known for his concept moral insanity, Prichard was born at Ross in Herefordshire, England, into a cultivated Quaker family but was raised in Bristol. He earned his M.D. from Edinburgh in 1808, and shortly thereafter began… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • PRICHARD, JAMES COWLES —    founder of ethnology and a philologist, born in Hereford; bred to medicine, and practised in Bristol; wrote Researches into the Physical History of Mankind, The Eastern Origin of the Celtic Nations, Analysis of Egyptian Mythology, and the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Cowles Prichard — James Cowles Prichard. James Cowles Prichard (* 11. Februar 1786 in Ross on Wye, Herefordshire; † 23. Dezember 1848 in London) war ein englischer Arzt und Ethnologe. Psychiatriehistorisch interessant ist sein Konzept der moral insanity , das gro …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Cowles Prichard — James Cowles Prichard. James Cowles Prichard fue un médico británico y etnólogo (nacido el 11 de febrero de 1786 en Ross on Wye, Herefordshire y muerto el 23 de diciembre de 1848). Su libro Researches into the physical history of mankind de 1813… …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Cowles Prichard — MD FRS (February 11, 1786 – December 23, 1848), English physician and ethnologist, was born at Ross on Wye in Herefordshire. His influential Researches into the physical history of mankind touched upon the subject of evolution. Life and education …   Wikipedia

  • Prichard — may refer to:People*Bruce Prichard (b. 1963) mdash; American professional wrestler *Caradog Prichard (1904 1980) mdash; Welsh poet and novelist *Harold Arthur Prichard (1871 1947) mdash; English moral philosopher *James Cowles Prichard (1786… …   Wikipedia

  • Prichard — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika: Prichard (Alabama) Prichard (Idaho) Prichard (Louisiana) Prichard (Mississippi) Prichard (Pennsylvania) Prichard (West Virginia) und ist der Name von folgenden Personen James… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prichard — (spr. prittschĕrd), James Cowles, Physiolog, geb. 11. Febr. 1786 in Roß (Herefordshire), gest. 22. Dez. 1848 in London, wirkte als Arzt in Bristol, seit 1845 als Kommissar für die Irrenhäuser zu London. Er schrieb: »Researches into the physical… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Prichard — (Pritschard), James Cowles, berühmter engl. Physiolog, geb. 1785 zu Roß in Herefordshire, lebte als Arzt in Bristol, seit 1845 als Commissionar der Irrenanstalten in London, st. 1848. Seine wichtigsten Schriften sind: »Researches into the… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Prichard — This is a Welsh patronymic formed from the fusion of the prefix ap meaning son of with the personal name Richard. Richard itself derives from the Olde German Ricehard , a compound of the elements ric , meaning power , plus hard , strong or brave… …   Surnames reference

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