Price, Sir Uvedale, 1st Baronet

Price, Sir Uvedale, 1st Baronet

▪ British landscape designer
born , 1747
died Sept. 14, 1829, Foxley, Herefordshire, Eng.
 British landscape designer and, with the writer-artist William Gilpin and Richard Payne Knight, one of the chief aestheticians of the Picturesque movement in landscaping.

      Price was a wealthy country squire, Knight his friend and neighbour; both were enthusiastic amateur landscape designers and critics of the prevailing trend. The picturesque movement was openly launched in 1794 with Knight's didactic poem “The Landscape,” protesting the values of some established practitioners, and Price's “An Essay on the Picturesque.”

      Price was particularly contemptuous of the style popularized by the late Lancelot “Capability” Brown (Brown, Lancelot), who eventually came to be regarded as one of the foremost English masters of garden design. Brown's approach was to create a simple, balanced composition, using a small number of natural elements—a grove of trees, a pond, the slight curve of a hill. Price, in contrast, favoured a profusion of detail and praised the “accidents” of nature—a withered tree, a half-submerged branch breaking the glassy surface of a pool. Brown's designs were tranquil and relatively formal; Price's gardens were wild, dramatic, and unkempt. Garden design being referred to at the time as “improvement of grounds,” Price was accused by his critics of “improving by neglect and accident”; Price and Knight together were scornfully called “the wild improvers.”

      In his “Essay,” Price considered the Picturesque in two aspects: first as a category of aesthetic values alongside the Beautiful and the Sublime (which had already been embraced by Brown); and second, as a quality of nature per se, one that ought to be looked for in actual practice and preserved or enhanced when found. Price's most extreme pronouncements argued that gardens should imitate landscape paintings and that the purpose of the gardener, like that of the painter, was to improve upon nature.

      A lifelong Whig, Price was created a baronet in 1828.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sir Uvedale Price, 1st Baronet — Sir Uvedale Price (baptized 14 April 1747 ndash; 14 September 1829), author of the Essay on the Picturesque, As Compared With The Sublime and The Beautiful (1794), was a Herefordshire landowner who was at the heart of the Picturesque debate of… …   Wikipedia

  • Uvedale Tomkins Price — (17 September 1685 ndash; 17 March 1764) [Robinson, Rev. Charles John (1873). A History of the Mansions and Manors of Herefordshire . Longman Co.] was a British Member of Parliament. Early life Uvedale Tomkins Price was the younger son of Robert… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir Robert Price, 2nd Baronet — (3 August 1786 ndash; 6 November 1857) was a British baronet and Member of Parliament.Robert Price was the only son of Sir Uvedale Price, the writer on the Picturesque, by Lady Caroline Carpenter, fourth daughter of George Carpenter, 1st Earl of… …   Wikipedia

  • Price Baronets — There have been five Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Price, one in the Baronetage of Great Britain and four in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Two of the creations are extant as of 2008.The Price Baronetcy, of Jamaica in… …   Wikipedia

  • Rugge-Price Baronets — The Price, later Rugge Price Baronetcy, of Spring Grove in Richmond in the County of Surrey, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 2 February 1804 for Charles Price, Member of Parliament for the City of London from …   Wikipedia

  • garden and landscape design — Introduction       the development and decorative planting of gardens, yards, grounds, parks, and other types of areas. Gardening and landscape design is used to enhance the settings for buildings and public areas and in recreational areas and… …   Universalium

  • Western architecture — Introduction       history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present.       The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… …   Universalium

  • List of Old Etonians born in the 18th century — The following notable old boys of Eton College were born in the 18th century.1700s*Thomas Morell (1703 ndash;1784), classical scholar *Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland (1705 ndash;1774), Secretary at War, 1746 ndash;1754, Secretary of State for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Regency — Der Begriff des Regency beschreibt eine Epoche in der Geschichte des Vereinigten Königreiches Großbritannien und Irland. In den Teilgebieten der Geschichtswissenschaft wird der Zeitraum des Regency verschieden definiert. Die Epoche der Regency… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”