Poujade, Pierre

Poujade, Pierre

▪ French politician
in full  Pierre-Marie Poujade 
born December 1, 1920, Saint-Céré, France
died August 27, 2003, La Bastide-l'Évêque

      French bookseller, publisher, and politician who led a much publicized right-wing protest movement in France during the 1950s.

      Poujade served (1939–40) in the aviation wing of the French army during World War II. He fled to Morocco in 1942 and then to England, where he joined the Royal Air Force in 1943. With the end of the war in 1945, he returned to Saint-Céré, where he opened a book and stationery store, and in 1951 he was elected to the municipal council. In 1953 he organized a local shopkeepers' strike in order to protest heavy taxation and the prospective visit of government tax collectors. Expanding his activities to other towns in southern France, he enrolled 800,000 members in his Union de Défense des Commerçants et des Artisans (Union for the Defense of Tradesmen and Artisans). Poujadisme, as his movement was called, succeeded in reducing tax collection drastically in the south of France and resulted in various tax concessions by the National Assembly in 1955. His support came predominantly from discontented peasants and small merchants. The peak of Poujadisme occurred during the elections of January 1956, when Poujadiste candidates won 52 of 595 Assembly seats and received 2,576,133 votes. Thereafter his influence waned, and his candidates (with a fraction of their previous popular vote) won no seats in the elections of November 1958. Poujade himself was never a candidate for the Assembly, but he remained a municipal councillor. J'ai choisi le combat (1956; “I Have Chosen to Fight”) was his published manifesto.

      During the 1970s and into 1980 Poujade founded and led both an organization dedicated to increasing the purchasing power of nonunion workers to protect their rights and an association that was chiefly concerned with the protection and efficient use of French energy resources.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Poujade, Pierre — (1920 2003)    political figure    Born in Saint Céré, Lot, Pierre Poujade, a bookseller and publisher, in 1953 founded the union de défense des commerçants et artisans de France (UDCA, also called the Poujade, or Poujadist, movement), which took …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Poujade, Pierre Marie — ▪ 2004       French political activist (b. Dec. 1, 1920, St. Céré, France d. Aug. 27, 2003, La Bastide L Evêque, France), created a short lived movement in the 1950s the name of which, Poujadisme, remained shorthand for a kind of provincial right …   Universalium

  • Poujade, Pierre (-Marie) — born Dec. 1, 1920, Saint Céré, France died Aug. 27, 2003, La Bastide l Évêque French political leader. The owner of a bookstore in Saint Céré, in 1953 he organized a local shopkeepers strike to protest high taxation. Expanding his activities to… …   Universalium

  • Poujade, Pierre (-Marie) — (1 dic. 1920, Saint Céré–27 ago. 2003, La Bastide l Évêque, Francia). Líder político francés. Propietario de una librería en Saint Céré, en 1953 organizó una huelga de comerciantes locales para protestar por los altos impuestos. Expandió sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Poujade — Pierre Poujade (* 1. Dezember 1920 in Saint Céré, Frankreich; † 27. August 2003) in La Bastide l Évêque war ein französischer Politiker. Sein Vater war Architekt. 1953 eröffnete er, nachdem er eine Druckerlehre absolviert hatte, ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Poujade — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poujade.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Robert Poujade. Pierre Poujade …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre — /pear/ for 1; /pee air / or, Fr., /pyerdd/ for 2, n. 1. a city in and the capital of South Dakota, in the central part, on the Missouri River. 11,973. 2. a male given name, form of Peter. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 13,876), capital of South Dakota …   Universalium

  • Pierre — (as used in expressions) Ailly, Pierre d Anouilh, Jean (Marie Lucien Pierre) Balmain, Pierre (Alexandre Claudius) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Bayle, Pierre Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de Beauregard, P(ierre) G(ustave) T(outant) Belloc,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre Poujade — (* 1. Dezember 1920 in Saint Céré, Lot; † 27. August 2003 in La Bastide l Évêque, Aveyron) war ein französischer Politiker. Sein Vater war Architekt. 1953 eröffnete er, nachdem er eine Druckerlehre absolviert hatte, ein Papiergeschäft (daher sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poujade —   [pu ʒad], Pierre, französischer Politiker, * Saint Céré (Département Lot) 1. 12. 1920; Papierwaren und Buchhändler; nach einer von ihm initiierten Steuerverweigerungskampagne gründete Poujade 1954 die Union de Défense des Commerçants et… …   Universal-Lexikon

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