Potgieter, Hendrik

Potgieter, Hendrik

▪ Boer leader
born Dec. 19, 1792, Graaff-Reinet district, Cape Colony
died Dec. 16, 1852, Schoemansdal, Transvaal

      Boer leader in the Great Trek; (Great Trek) he took his party from the Cape Colony to settle the Transvaal and became a prominent figure in the early history of that state.

      He was a well-to-do sheep farmer until the vacillating frontier policy of the British caused him to opt for leaving the colony. Others joined Potgieter and elected him commandant as they moved toward the Vaal River. Potgieter's gifts as a military leader were demonstrated in his battles with the Ndebele (Matabele) and other native peoples. His victory at Marico River (November 1837) opened the high veld beyond the Vaal to the Boers.

      When trek leader Piet Retief and his men were massacred by King Dingane's Zulus (February 1838) in Natal, Potgieter led an unsuccessful commando raid against the Zulus. Returning to his settlement in Winburg north of the Orange River (May 1838), he was convinced that the future of the Boers was north in the Transvaal rather than east in Natal. He founded other settlements in the Transvaal: Potchefstroom (1838), Andries-Ohrigstad (1845), and, to the far north, Soutpansberg (1848).

      In those early days the Transvaal settlements were torn by internal dissensions. Potgieter, as head commandant and leader of the military party, supported local autonomy rather than centralized authority. (Potgieter's behaviour at this time is still a matter of controversy.) When the Sand River Convention, in which Britain recognized Transvaal independence, was negotiated by his Boer rival Andries Pretorius in January 1852, Potgieter remained aloof and refused to ratify the treaty until March. During an arduous campaign against a Pedi chief, Potgieter died from overexertion.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Potgieter — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andries Hendrik Potgieter (1792–1852), burischer Voortrekker Everhardus Johannes Potgieter (1808–1875), niederländischer Dichter Gert Potgieter (* 1937), südafrikanischer Hürdenläufer Louis Hendrik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hendrik Jan Schimmel — (June 30, 1823 1906), Dutch poet and novelist, was born at s Graveland, in the province of North Holland, where his father was a notary and the burgomaster.From 1836 to 1842 Schimmel served in his father s office, and upon his death he worked in… …   Wikipedia

  • Hendrik Potgieter — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Potgieter. Andries Hendrik Potgieter (19 décembre 1792 16 décembre 1852) était un chef Voortrekker d Afrique du Sud, premier chef d État de la république boer de Potchefstroom entre 1840 et 1845 et premier chef d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Potgieter — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Andries Hendrik Potgieter, chef Voortrekker d Afrique du Sud E.J. Potgieter, écrivain néerlandais Frits Potgieter, athlète sud africain Jacques… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andries Hendrik Potgieter — (19 December 1792 16 December 1852) was a Voortrekker leader. He served as the first head of state of Potchefstroom from 1840 and 1845 and also as the first head of state of Zoutpansberg from 1845 to 1852.Potgieter was born in the Tarkastad… …   Wikipedia

  • Andries Potgieter — Andries Hendrik Potgieter (* 19. Dezember 1792 in Tarkastad in der Kapkolonie; † 16. Dezember 1852 in Schoemasdal) war ein Voortrekker Anführer. Er war von 1840 und 1845 das erste Staatsoberhaupt von Potchefstroom und von 1845 bis 1852 das erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andries Hendrik Potgieter — (* 19. Dezember 1792 in Tarkastad in der Kapkolonie; † 16. Dezember 1852 in Schoemasdal) war ein Voortrekker Anführer. Er war von 1840 und 1845 das erste Staatsoberhaupt der Republik Potchefstroom und von 1845 bis 1852 das erste Staatsoberhaupt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Hendrik Potgieter — Louis Hendrik Potgieter, also known as Patrick Bailey (Pretoria, April 4, 1951 ndash; 1993 [ [http://www.dschinghis khan.com/index.php?option=com content task=view id=13 Itemid=28 limit=1 limitstart=2 Dschinghis Khan History] , dschinghis… …   Wikipedia

  • Andries Potgieter — Andries Hendrik Potgieter (19 de diciembre de 1792 16 de diciembre de 1852) fue un líder Voortrekker. Se desempeñó como el primer jefe de estado en Potchefstroom a partir de 1840 y hasta 1845 y también como primer jefe de estado de Zoutpansberg a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis Hendrik Potgieter — (auch bekannt unter dem Namen Patrick Bailey; * 4. April 1951 in Pretoria, Südafrika; † August 1993[1], nach anderen Quellen 1996[2][3], in Kapstadt, Südafrika) war Sänger und Mitglied der Popgruppe Dschinghis Khan. Potgieter studierte in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”