Pleven, Siege of

Pleven, Siege of

▪ Russo-Turkish War
also called  Siege Of Plevna 

      (July 20–Dec. 10, 1877), in the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish wars) of 1877–78, the Russian siege of the Turkish-held Bulgarian town of Pleven (Russian: Plevna). Four battles were fought, three being repulses of Russian attacks and the fourth being a defeat of the Turks in their attempt to escape.

      In the opening weeks of the war of 1877–78 the Russians achieved some successes. On the Bulgarian front they crossed the Danube in June 1877, and a flying column seized the Shipka Pass through the Balkan Mountains on July 19. At this point the Russian plans received a setback. On July 20 a Turkish force under Osman Nuri Paşa repulsed the Russians at newly fortified Pleven and stemmed their advance (First Battle of Pleven). Attempts to break the resistance of Osman Nuri Paşa failed. The Russian assaults of July 30 (Second Battle) and September 11–12 (Third Battle) were repulsed with severe losses. The Russian commander then called up Colonel Count E.I. von Todleben, the engineer officer who had organized the defense of Sevastopol during the Crimean War, and Todleben pronounced in favour of a siege of Pleven. The other Turkish commanders did little to relieve the pressure on Osman Nuri Paşa, who at last perceived that his position was hopeless and attempted to break through the Russian cordon but was defeated and compelled to surrender (Dec. 10, 1877).

      The Russians then tried to execute their original plan of penetration deep into European Turkey, but the Great Powers, especially Britain, forced a truce and the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pleven — /plev en/, n. a city in N Bulgaria: siege of 143 days 1877. 108,180. Also, Plevna /plev nah/. * * * ▪ Bulgaria       town, northern Bulgaria. It lies a few miles east of the Vit River, which is a tributary of the Danube. At one time a Thracian… …   Universalium

  • Pleven Panorama — Pleven Epopee 1877, more commonly known as Pleven Panorama, is a panorama located in Pleven, Bulgaria, that depicts the events of the Russian Turkish War of 1877–78, specifically the five month Siege of Pleven (Pleven Epopee) which made the city… …   Wikipedia

  • Pleven (disambiguation) — Pleven is a major town in Northern Bulgaria, capital of the Pleven Province.Pleven may also refer to:* Pleven Province, a province in Northern Bulgaria * Siege of Pleven, an important battle during the Russo Turkish War, 1877 78 * Pleven (horse) …   Wikipedia

  • Pleven — This article is about a city in Bulgaria. For other meanings, see Pleven (disambiguation). Coordinates: 43°25′N 24°37′E / 43.417°N 24.617°E / 43.417; 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Pleven — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siege of Pleven caption= partof=the Russo Turkish War, 1877–78 date=July 20–December 10, 1877 place=Pleven, Bulgaria result=Romanian Russian tactical victory; somewhat of a Ottoman strategic victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Pleven (oblast) — 43°25′N 24°40′E / 43.417, 24.667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pleven — Cet article concerne la ville bulgare. Pour les autres significations, voir Pleven (homonymie). Pleven Плевен …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siège de Plevna — 43°25′N 24°37′E / 43.417, 24.617 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siege — A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by attrition and/or assault. The term derives from sedere , Latin for seat or sitting. [ [http://m Merriam Webster: siege] ] A siege occurs… …   Wikipedia

  • Pleven — noun the town was taken from the Turks by the Russians in 1877 after a siege of 143 days • Syn: ↑Plevna • Regions: ↑Bulgaria, ↑Republic of Bulgaria • Instance Hypernyms: ↑siege, ↑besieging, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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