town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) regione, northwestern Italy. It lies at the entrance to the Valle del Chisone, at the foot of the Alps, southwest of Turin. First mentioned in 996 as a possession of Turin, it belonged to the nearby Benedictine abbey of Santa Maria in 1078. Under the house of Savoy from 1246, it was the capital (1295–1418) of the princes of Acaia, a subsidiary line. The town was occupied by the French in 1536–74, 1631–96, and 1801–14, and its fortress was used during the 17th century as a state prison for such political prisoners as the Duke de Lauzun (Lauzun, Antonin-Nompar de Caumont, Count and Duke de), enemy of Louis XIV's mistress Mme de Montespan; Nicolas Fouquet (Fouquet, Nicolas), Louis's embezzling finance minister; and the mysterious “Man in the Iron Mask (iron mask, the man in the),” whose story is best known from one of the novels of Alexandre Dumas père. Pinerolo became a bishop's see in 1748.

      Notable buildings in the town include the 15th–16th-century San Donato's Cathedral (founded 1044), the Church of San Maurizio (1334–1490; restored), the palace of the princes of Acaia (1318; later modernized), and remains of the old fortifications. Pinerolo is now a rail junction with textile, metal, chemical, printing, and food industries. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 34,479.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinerolo — Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pinerolo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pinerolo Archivo:Pinerolo Stemma.png Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pinerolo — Pinerolo,   Stadt in der Provinz Turin, Piemont, Italien, am Fuß der Alpen, 376 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 35 100 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Papier , Textil , elektrotechnische, Nahrungsmittel , chemische Industrie, Maschinenbau.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pinerōlo — (franz. Pignerol), Kreishauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Turin, 376 m ü. M., am Ausgang des Alpentals des Chisone, an der Eisenbahn Turin Torre Pellice und den Dampfstraßenbahnen P. Bivio Cumiana Turin, P. Fenestrelle und P. Saluzzo, Bischofssitz …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pinerōlo — (fr. Pignĕrol), 1) früher Provinz in dem sardinischen Fürstenthum Piemont, an Frankreich grenzend; 25 QM., 116,000 Ew.; gehört jetzt zur Division Turin u. bildet eine Provinz mit 133,300 Ew.; 2) Stadt darin, am Clusone (Chisone),[143] am Ausgang… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pinerolo — Pinerōlo, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Turin, am Austritt des Chisone aus den Alpen, (1901) 18.250 E.; Fabrikation von Seiden und Baumwollwaren, Handel. Bis 1713 wichtige Festung, 1536 74, 1631 93, 1801 14 französisch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pinerolo — • Diocese near Turin in Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pinerolo — Infobox CityIT img coa = Italy Pinerolo coat.png official name = Comune di Pinerolo name = Pinerolo mapx =44.97 mapy=7.34 region = Piedmont province = Turin (TO) elevation m = 376 area total km2 = 50 population as of = December 31, 2004… …   Wikipedia

  • Pinerolo — Pignerol Pignerol Ajouter une image Administration Nom italien Pinerolo Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinerolo — Original name in latin Pinerolo Name in other language Penarol, Pearol, Pignerol, Pinareul, Pinerolo, pineroro, Пинероло State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 44.88333 latitude 7.35 altitude 354 Population 34360 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”