Pharnabazus

Pharnabazus

▪ Persian statesman
flourished late 5th and early 4th centuries BC

      Persian soldier and statesman who was the hereditary satrap (provincial governor) of Dascylium under Darius II and Artaxerxes II. Pharnabazus was an outstanding military and naval commander in Persia's wars against Athens and Sparta. In the war with Athens, beginning in 413 BC, he supported Spartan operations in the Hellespont. When war broke out with Sparta in 400 BC, he persuaded Artaxerxes to organize a naval counterstroke, and in 394 the Persian navy, jointly commanded by Pharnabazus and the Athenian admiral Conon, completely destroyed the Spartan fleet off Cnidus and gained the mastery of the Aegean. When in 388 the revival of Athenian imperialist ambitions led Artaxerxes to enter into an alliance with Sparta, Pharnabazus, as the chief opponent of Sparta, was recalled with honour from his command. In 385 and 373 he commanded unsuccessful invasions of Egypt.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pharnabazus — was a Persian soldier and statesman. He was the son of Pharnaces, son of Pharnabazus, son of Artabazus; his male ancestors had governed the satrapy of Phrygia on the Hellespont from its headquarters at Dascylium since 478 BC. According to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Pharnabazus — Pharnabāzus, pers. Satrap des hellespontischen Phrygiens, unterstützte seit 412 v. Chr. die Spartaner und ließ 403 Alcibiades töten, befehligte 394 neben Konon in der Seeschlacht bei Knidos …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pharnabazus — Pharnabazus, pers. Satrap von Bithynien unter den Königen Darius II. u. Artaxerxes II., der zuerst gegen Athen, nach dessen Demüthigung gegen Sparta die Interessen der pers. Politik sehr gewandt zu vertreten wußte …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pharnabazus of Phrygia — Pharnabazus (in Greek Φαρνάβαζος; lived 4th century BC) was a Persian general, son of Artabazus. He joined his father exile at the Macedonian court in the years 353 ndash;343 BC. He returned in Persia when his father made peace with the king… …   Wikipedia

  • PHARNABAZUS Cretensis — Pharnabazi filius, olim Darii et postea Artaxerxis satrapes. Movit Atheniensibus bellum, Lacedaemoniis vero suppetias tulit. Dein Aegyptum in gressus per Nili ostium re infectâ reversus est. Alcibiadem interfecit, etc. Vide Cornel. Nepotem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • PHARNABAZUS Persa — a Dario ultimo, in locum Memnonis substitutus Curt. l. 3. c. 8. Vinctus Amphotero et Egilocho traditus, proditâ Chio l. 4. c. 5 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pharnabazus — see Nectanebo I. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David …   Ancient Egypt

  • ФАРНАБАЗ —    • Pharnabāzus,          Φαρνάβαξοσ, персидский сатрап, управлявший северо западной частью Малой Азии (сатрапия Δασκυλι̃τις), с 413 г. помогал спартанцам (Thuc. 8, 6 слл. 39. 80), но уже в 410 г. заключил отдельный мир с Алкивиадом. Plut. Alc.… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Corinthian War — Part of the Spartan hegemony Hoplites in combat …   Wikipedia

  • Ariobarzan — also spelled as Ario Barzan or Aryo Barzan, perhaps signifying exalting the Aryans [cite encyclopedia |last= Shahbazi |first=A. Sh. | title=ARIOBARZANES | encyclopedia=Encyclopedia Iranica | accessdate=2008 03… …   Wikipedia

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