Palmer, Alice Elvira Freeman

Palmer, Alice Elvira Freeman

▪ American educator
née  Alice Elvira Freeman  
born Feb. 21, 1855, Colesville [near Binghamton], N.Y., U.S.
died Dec. 6, 1902, Paris, France

      American educator who exerted a strong and lasting influence on the academic and administrative character of Wellesley (Massachusetts) College (Wellesley College) during her brief tenure as its president.

      Alice Freeman had taught herself to read by the time she entered local district school at the age of four. In 1872 she sat for the entrance examination at the University of Michigan, then the foremost university to which women were admitted, and although she proved deficient in some areas, the deep impression she made on the university's president, James B. Angell (Angell, James Burrill), induced him to admit her. She quickly made up her deficiencies and graduated in 1876. Over the next three years she taught school in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, and then served as head of the high school in Saginaw, Michigan, while pursuing graduate studies at the university in the summers. The need to support her family forced her to decline Henry F. Durant's offers of instructorships in mathematics and then in Greek at Wellesley College in 1877 and 1878, but in 1879 she was at last free to accept the post of head of the history department.

      On the death of Durant in October 1881 and the resignation of President Ada L. Howard in the next month, Freeman was named vice president and acting president of Wellesley. In 1882 she became president. In the same year, she was awarded an honorary Ph.D. by the University of Michigan. In her five years as president of Wellesley she created much of the framework of faculty and student organization that would be carried on long after. She was particularly successful in raising academic standards and in establishing a system of 15 preparatory schools around the country to supply students to the college. She was a founder in 1881 of the Association of Collegiate Alumnae (later the American Association of University Women) and president of the group from 1885 to 1886. She resigned from Wellesley in 1887, to much private and public dismay, in order to marry in December of that year George Herbert Palmer, professor of philosophy at Harvard. (She was succeeded as president by Helen A. Shafer (Shafer, Helen Almira).)

      Her connection with Wellesley continued in the form of membership on the board of trustees from 1888. In 1889 the governor appointed her to the Massachusetts State Board of Education, through which she worked to great effect to improve the state's normal schools. In 1892 she was named first dean of women at the new University of Chicago (Chicago, University of), a post she held until 1895. During that period she was also active in organizing the women's educational work at Harvard Annex (soon to become Radcliffe College) and its relationship to Harvard (Harvard University) proper.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palmer,Alice Elvira Freeman — Pal·mer (päʹmər, pälʹ ), Alice Elvira Freeman. 1855 1902. American educator who was president of Wellesley College (1882 1888) and dean of women at the University of Chicago (1892 1895). * * * …   Universalium

  • Alice Freemann Palmer — Alice Freeman Palmer, um 1876 Alice Freeman Palmer (eigentlich Alice Elvira Freeman, * 21. Februar 1855 in Colesville, New York; † 6. Dezember 1902 in Paris) war eine US amerikanische Erzieherin und Gründerin der American Association of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alice Freeman Palmer — (February 21, 1855–December 6, 1902) was an American educator.She was born Alice Elvira Freeman in Colesville, New York and brought up in Windsor, New York. She was graduated from the University of Michigan in 1876, taught at Lake Geneva,… …   Wikipedia

  • Alice Freeman Palmer — Alice Freeman Palmer, um 1876 Alice Freeman Palmer (eigentlich Alice Elvira Freeman, * 21. Februar 1855 in Colesville, New York; † 6. Dezember 1902 in Paris) war eine US amerikanische Erzieherin und Gründerin der American Association of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palmer (Familienname) — Palmer ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palmer — I. biographical name Alice Elvira 1855 1902 née Freeman American educator II. biographical name Arnold (Daniel) 1929 American golfer III. biographical name Daniel David 1845 1913 American chiropractor …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Richards, Ellen Swallow — ▪ American chemist née  Ellen Henrietta Swallow  born Dec. 3, 1842, Dunstable, Mass., U.S. died March 30, 1911, Boston, Mass.       American chemist and founder of the home economics movement in the United States.       Ellen Swallow was educated …   Universalium

  • List of University of Michigan alumni — There are more than 425,000 living alumni of the University of Michigan. Famous alumni include the father of the iPod, the founders of Sun Microsystems and Google, the father of information theory, the voice of Darth Vader, the first doctor… …   Wikipedia

  • Wellesley College — Infobox University name = Wellesley College image size =151px motto = Non Ministrari sed Ministrare mottoeng = Not to be ministered unto, but to minister established = Chartered in 1870; Opened doors in 1875 type = Private president = H. Kim… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the University of Michigan — The history of the University of Michigan (UM) began with its establishment in 1817 as the Catholepistemiad or University of Michigania. The school moved from Detroit to Ann Arbor in 1837 on land offered to the university by the city. The first… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”