Palaic language

Palaic language

      one of the ancient Anatolian languages, Palaic was spoken in Palā, a land located to the northwest of Hittite territory and across the Halys (now the Kızıl (Kızıl River)) River. The resemblance of Palā to the later place-names Blaëne (Greek) and Paphlagonia (Roman) is surely not coincidental. Evidence for Palaic consists of scarcely more than a dozen ritual fragments preserved in the cuneiform archives at the Hittite capital of Hattusa (near the modern town of Boğazkale, formerly Boğazköy, Tur.) that appear as palaumnili ‘in Palaic.' Palaic texts are contemporary with Hittite texts, including one or two manuscripts from the Old Hittite period (1650–1580 BCE). The meagre evidence limits scholarly understanding of the texts and makes all generalizations about the language provisional, but the grammatical features and lexicon (vocabulary) of Palaic assure that it is an Indo-European language (Indo-European languages) of the Hittite (Hittite language) and Luwian (Luwian language) subgroup. A unique feature is the apparent borrowing from Hattian (Hattian language) of the /f/ sound in several loanwords.

H. Craig Melchert

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Palaic language — Infobox Language name=Palaic nativename familycolor=Indo European region=Anatolia extinct=around 1300 BC fam2=Anatolian iso2= iso3=plq notice=nonoticePalaic is an extinct Indo European language, attested in cuneiform tablets in Bronze Age Hattusa …   Wikipedia

  • Palaic — 1. noun extinct Indo European language belonging to Anatolian branch, attested in cuneiform tablets in Bronze Age Hattusa. 2. adjective of or pertaining to Palaic language or its speakers …   Wiktionary

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  • Palaic — noun an Anatolian language • Hypernyms: ↑Anatolian, ↑Anatolian language …   Useful english dictionary

  • Palaic — ISO 639 3 Code : plq ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Ancient …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

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  • Hittite language —       most important of the extinct Indo European languages of ancient Anatolia. Hittite was closely related to Carian (Carian language), Luwian (Luwian language), Lydian (Lydian language), Lycian (Lycian language), and Palaic (Palaic language)… …   Universalium

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  • Anatolian language — noun an extinct branch of the Indo European family of languages known from inscriptions and important in the reconstruction of Proto Indo European • Syn: ↑Anatolian • Hypernyms: ↑Indo European, ↑Indo European language, ↑Indo Hittite • Hyponyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Anatolian languages — Branch of the Indo European language family spoken in Anatolia in the 2nd–1st millennia BC. The attested Anatolian languages are Hittite, Palaic, Luwian (Luvian), Hieroglyphic Luwian, Lycian, and Lydian. Hittite, by far the most copiously… …   Universalium

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