Page, Walter Hines

Page, Walter Hines

▪ American author and diplomat
born Aug. 15, 1855, Cary, N.C., U.S.
died Dec. 21, 1918, Pinehurst, N.C.
 journalist, book publisher, author, and diplomat who, as U.S. ambassador to Great Britain during World War I, worked strenuously to maintain close relations between the two countries while the United States remained neutral and who, from an early stage of the war, urged U.S. intervention on an unwilling President Woodrow Wilson.

      Page worked as a journalist in various parts of the United States in the 1880s and '90s and from 1898 to 1899 was editor of The Atlantic Monthly. In January 1900 he and Frank N. Doubleday founded the publishing house of Doubleday, Page and Company (afterward Doubleday and Company, Inc.) and the magazine The World's Work, which he edited until 1913. In 1911 he was one of the first to propose Woodrow Wilson (Wilson, Woodrow) as a presidential candidate. One of Wilson's first acts after his inauguration in March 1913 was to appoint Page ambassador to Great Britain.

      A firm believer in Anglo-American superiority in cultural and political matters, Page at first worked amicably with both Wilson and the British government and was largely responsible for the repeal of a U.S. Panama Canal toll schedule that the British considered discriminatory. By the outbreak of war in August 1914 he had become popular with the upper class and the general public in Great Britain. Unlike Wilson, however, Page soon came to view the war as an attempt by imperial Germany to rule Europe and to substitute Prussian militaristic autocracy for the democratic ideal. Outwardly conforming to U.S. neutrality, Page expressed his disagreement with Wilson's policy of noninvolvement in private messages to the president. When the British steamship Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine (May 7, 1915), with the loss of more than 100 American lives, Page called for a U.S. declaration of war. He insisted then and later that U.S. intervention at that time would have resulted in a swift victory for the Allies. In April 1917, when Wilson did ask Congress to declare war on Germany, he used the arguments that Page had been using for two and a half years.

      Always in precarious health and further weakened by his labours as ambassador, Page became so ill in August 1918 that Wilson accepted his retirement. Page died shortly after returning home.

Additional Reading
Studies of Page's life and work include Gregory Ross, Walter Hines Page (1970); and John Milton Cooper, Jr., Walter Hines Page (1977).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Walter Hines Page — (August 15, 1855 December 21, 1918) was an American journalist, publisher, and diplomat. He was the United States ambassador to the United Kingdom during World War I. Born in Cary, North Carolina, Page was educated at Trinity College (Duke… …   Wikipedia

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  • Page — [pāj] Walter Hines [hīnz] 1855 1918; U.S. journalist, editor, & diplomat …   English World dictionary

  • Page — I. biographical name Thomas Nelson 1853 1922 American novelist & diplomat II. biographical name Walter Hines 1855 1918 American journalist & diplomat …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Page — /payj/, n. 1. Thomas Nelson, 1853 1922, U.S. novelist and diplomat. 2. Walter Hines, 1855 1918, U.S. journalist, editor, and diplomat. * * * ▪ rank       in medieval Europe, a youth of noble birth who left his home at an early age to serve an… …   Universalium

  • Page — [[t]peɪdʒ[/t]] n. 1) big Thomas Nelson, 1853–1922, U.S. novelist and diplomat 2) big Walter Hines, 1855–1918, U.S. journalist and diplomat …   From formal English to slang

  • Robert N. Page — Robert Newton Page (October 26, 1859 October 3, 1933) was a U.S. Representative from North Carolina.Born in Cary, North Carolina, Page attended the Cary High School and Bingham Military School in Mebane, North Carolina.He moved to Aberdeen, North …   Wikipedia

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