Oxford English Dictionary, The
- Oxford English Dictionary, The
▪ English dictionary
definitive historical dictionary of the English language, originally consisting of 12 volumes and a 1-volume supplement. The dictionary is a corrected and updated revision of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles
), which was published in 10 volumes from February 1, 1884, to April 19, 1928, and which was designed to provide an inventory of words in use in English since the mid-12th century (and in
some cases even earlier). In 1933 the New English Dictionary
was reissued in 12 volumes (together with a 1-volume supplement) as The Oxford English Dictionary.
Both the NED
were published by the Clarendon Press of Oxford.
Arranged mostly in order of historical occurrence, the definitions in the OED
are illustrated with about 2,400,000 dated quotations from English-language literature and records. The aim of the dictionary (as stated in the 1933 edition) is “to present in alphabetical series the words that have formed the English vocabulary from the time of the earliest records down to the present day, with all the relevant facts concerning their form, sense-history, and etymology.”
The publication of the dictionary was first suggested to the Philological Society (London
) in 1857, and the collection of materials began soon thereafter. Editorial work began in 1879 with the appointment of James Murray (Murray, Sir James
), who was at that time president of the Philological Society, as editor in chief. Murray, during his term as editor, was responsible for approximately half of the dictionary, including the letters a
through d, h
through k, o, p,
Succeeding editors included Henry Bradley, William Alexander Craigie, and C.T. Onions.
A micrographically reproduced 2-volume edition of the 1933 12-volume OED
and its supplement appeared in 1971, entitled The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary
A Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary
, 4 vol. (1972–86), treating words that came into use in the English-speaking world after the preparation of the OED
, was begun in 1955 under the editorial direction of R.W. Burchfield and was published by the Clarendon Press.
The second edition of The Oxford English Dictionary
, known as OED2
, was published in 20 volumes in 1989 by the Oxford University Press. Its coeditors were John A. Simpson and Edmund S.C. Weiner. The second edition includes in one alphabetical sequence all the words defined in the original 12-volume OED
and the 5 supplementary volumes. A CD-ROM version of the OED2
became available in 1992. Two volumes of Additions were published in 1993 and 1997, and work was begun on a complete revision of the entire corpus for the projected third edition. Material from this project, as well as the entire second edition and its supplements, was accessible on the dictionary's Web site.
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Oxford English Dictionary, The — [ȓiː ɔksfəd ɪȖglɪʃ dɪkʃənrɪ], Abkürzung OED [əʊiː diː], umfassendstes historisch etymologisches Wörterbuch der englischen Sprache, in dem der Wortschatz des Englischen seit dem 12. Jahrhundert systematisch erfasst und mit chronologisch… … Universal-Lexikon
(the) Oxford English Dictionary — the Oxford English Dictionary [the Oxford English Dictionary] (also the OED) a very large historical dictionary of the English language, published by ↑Oxfor … Useful english dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary — Das Oxford English Dictionary (OED) ist ein sehr umfangreiches englisches Wörterbuch, das den englischen Wortschatz und die Sprachentwicklung des letzten Jahrtausends umfasst. Ähnlich wie das Grimmsche Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache enthält es… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oxford English Dictionary — L’Oxford English Dictionary (OED) est un dictionnaire de référence pour la langue anglaise. Il est publié par l’Oxford University Press et contient des mots venant du Royaume Uni et des diverses régions du monde anglophone : Amérique du Nord … Wikipédia en Français
Oxford English Dictionary, The (OED) — Definitive historical dictionary of the English language. It was conceived by London s Philological Society in 1857, and sustained editorial work began in 1879 under James Murray. Published in 10 volumes between 1884 and 1928, it first appeared… … Universalium
Oxford English Dictionary — OED redirects here. For other uses, see OED (disambiguation). This article is about the multi volume historical dictionary. For other, smaller, dictionaries published by Oxford, including the one volume Oxford Dictionary of English, see… … Wikipedia
Shorter Oxford English Dictionary — The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, often abbreviated to SOED, is a scaled down version of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). It comprises two volumes rather than the twenty needed for the full second edition of the OED. The sixth edition… … Wikipedia
Oxford English Dictionary — El Oxford English Dictionary (abreviado OED) es un diccionario publicado por la editorial Oxford University Press, considerado el más erudito y completo diccionario de la lengua inglesa, así como el principal punto de referencia para su estudio… … Wikipedia Español
Oxford English Dictionary, The (OED) — El diccionario histórico definitivo de la lengua inglesa. Concebido en 1857 por la Sociedad Filológica de Londres, el largo y sostenido proceso editorial que llevó a su concreción se inició, en 1879, bajo la dirección de James Murray. Publicado… … Enciclopedia Universal
Concise Oxford English Dictionary — The Concise Oxford English Dictionary (officially titled The Concise Oxford Dictionary until 2002, and widely abbreviated COD) is probably the best known of the smaller Oxford dictionaries. The latest edition of the Concise Oxford English… … Wikipedia