Otis, Elisha Graves

Otis, Elisha Graves

▪ American inventor
born Aug. 3, 1811, Halifax, Vt., U.S.
died April 8, 1861, Yonkers, N.Y.
 American inventor of the safety elevator.

      A descendant of a James Otis who immigrated from England to New England in 1631, the young Otis grew up in Vermont and, at age 19, moved to Troy, N.Y., and later to Brattleboro, Vt., working at various jobs. From 1838 to 1845, in Brattleboro, he manufactured wagons and carriages and then moved his family to Albany, N.Y., where, while employed as a master mechanic in a bedstead factory, he invented several labour-saving machines. In 1851 he was in Bergen, N.J., again as master mechanic in a bedstead factory. The Bergen firm sent him to Yonkers, N.Y., in 1852 to operate a new factory and to install its machinery. There he designed and installed what he called the “safety hoist,” the first elevator equipped with an automatic safety device to prevent it from falling if the lifting chain or rope broke. The next year he resigned from his job and set up a small elevator shop in Yonkers, selling his first elevator machine on Sept. 20, 1853. It hauled freight. Orders were few until May 1854, when, at the Crystal Palace in New York City, he demonstrated his elevator by riding the platform high in the air and ordering the rope cut. On March 23, 1857, he installed the first safety elevator for passenger service in the store of E.V. Haughwout & Co. in New York City. On Jan. 15, 1861, he patented an independently controlled steam engine for elevator use (installed in 1862). This invention laid the foundation for the business that his two sons, Charles and Norton, carried on after his death as owners of what eventually became the Otis Elevator Company.

      Otis also devised a number of other mechanical contrivances. In 1852 he patented some railroad-car trucks and brakes. In 1857 he patented a steam plow, and in 1858 he patented a bake oven.

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  • Otis,Elisha Graves — O·tis (ōʹtĭs), Elisha Graves. 1811 1861. American inventor of the first passenger elevator (installed 1857). * * * …   Universalium

  • Elisha Graves Otis — Elisha Graves Otis. Patente de Otis. Elisha Graves Otis (3 de agosto de 1811 8 de abril de 1861 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elisha Graves Otis — Elisha Otis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Otis. Elisha Otis Elisha Graves Otis (Halifax, 3 août 1811 8 avril 1861) était un inventeur américain, fondateur d Otis E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elisha Graves Otis — (* 3. August 1811, Halifax (Vermont); † 8. April 1861) war ein US …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elisha Graves Otis — noun United States inventor who manufactured the first elevator with a safety device (1811 1861) • Syn: ↑Otis • Instance Hypernyms: ↑inventor, ↑discoverer, ↑artificer, ↑industrialist …   Useful english dictionary

  • OTIS — Elevator Company Unternehmensform Gründung 1853 Unternehmenssitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elisha Otis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Otis. Elisha Otis Elisha Graves Otis (Halifax, 3 août 1811 8 avril 1861) était un inventeur américain, fondateur d Otis Elevator Company. Il se rend cél …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Otis Elevator Company — Type Subsidiary of UTC Industry Vertical Transport Systems Founded 1853 (acquired in 1976) …   Wikipedia

  • Otis (Name) — Otis ist ein männlicher Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elisha — (v. hebr. Elischa) ist ein Vorname. Weibliche Namensträger Elisha Cuthbert (* 1982), kanadische Schauspielerin Männliche Namensträger Elisha Abas (* 1971), israelischer Pianist Elisha Cook (1903 1995), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Elisha Graves …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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