Orsini, Felice

Orsini, Felice

▪ Italian revolutionary
born Dec. 10, 1819, Meldola, Papal States [now in Italy]
died March 13, 1858, Paris, France

      Italian nationalist revolutionary and conspirator who tried to assassinate the French emperor Napoleon III.

      A follower of the Italian revolutionary leader Giuseppe Mazzini, Orsini participated in the uprisings in Rome in 1848–49, thereafter serving as Mazzini's agent in Switzerland, Hungary, and England. After a daring escape from an Austrian prison in Mantua in 1855, he went to London and wrote two accounts of his adventures—The Austrian Dungeons in Italy (1856) and Memoirs and Adventures of F. Orsini Written by Himself (1857)—which were extremely popular with the British public. Orsini broke with Mazzini in 1857 and, emotionally disturbed, began to plot the assassination of Napoleon III, impelled by the notion that the emperor's death would trigger in France a revolution that would spread to Italy. On the night of Jan. 14, 1858, he and two accomplices threw bombs at the carriage of Napoleon and Empress Eugénie as they were going to the opera in Paris; although several persons were killed, the intended victims were unhurt. Orsini was arrested and executed.

      Ironically, following Orsini's attack, Napoleon, remembering the pro-Italian sympathies of his youth, was prompted to declare war on Austria in 1859, from which Italy's independence followed.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Orsini, Felice — (1819 1858)    Italian revolutionary    Born in Meldola, near Forli, italy, Felice orsini was affiliated with the nationalist Young italy movement and took part in the liberal insurrection of 1843. Condemned (1844), he was amnestied by Pope Pius… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • ORSINI, FELICE —    Italian conspirator, born of a noble family, but bred in the atmosphere of revolution and secret plotting; with three others attempted the life of Louis Napoleon; was defended by Jules Favre, but condemned to death and guillotined (1819 1858) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Felice Orsini — Felice Graf Orsini (* 1819 in Meldola, Forli; † (hingerichtet) 13. März 1858 in Paris) war italienischer Rechtsanwalt und wurde durch ein Attentat auf Napoléon III. bekannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orsini (surname) — Orsini is a surname, and may refer to: Orsini family, Italian noble family Alessandro Orsini (sociologist) Alessandro Orsini (cardinal) Angel Orsini Clarice Orsini Felice Orsini (1819–1858), Italian revolutionary Fulvio Orsini Giordano Orsini… …   Wikipedia

  • Orsīni [2] — Orsīni, Felice, durch ein Attentat auf Napoleon III. bekannt, geb. 1819 zu Meldola in der römischen Delegation Forlì, gest. 13. März 1858, ward Rechtsanwalt, nahm an der Verschwörung der Brüder Bandiera 1844 teil und ward deshalb zu… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • ORSINI (F.) — ORSINI FELICE (1819 1858) Après des études juridiques à Bologne, Orsini participe dans cette ville au soulèvement de 1843 contre la légation pontificale, ce qui lui vaut une condamnation au bagne. Grâcié en 1846 par Pie IX, il est élu député de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Orsini — Orsini, Felice, Graf von O., aus einer der Vorigen verwandten Familie stammend, geb. 1819 zu Meldola in der römischen Delegation Forli, studirte Jurisprudenz u. bildete sich zum Anwalt, nahm an der Verschwörung der Brüder Bandiera Theil, wurde zu …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orsini [2] — Orsīni, Felice, ital. Revolutionär, geb. 1819 zu Meldola (Prov. Forlì), 1844 als Mitglied eines Geheimbundes zu lebenslänglicher Galeerenstrafe verurteilt, 1846 amnestiert, versuchte 14. Jan. 1858 Napoleon III. mittels besonderer Sprenggeschosse… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orsini — (Felice) (1819 1858) patriote italien qui tenta d assassiner Napoléon III (14 janv. 1858), auquel il reprochait de trahir la cause de l unité italienne. Il fut condamné à mort et exécuté …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Felice Orsini — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Escuche este artículo (info) Descárgalo …   Wikipedia Español

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