- Oregon State University
public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Corvallis, Oregon, U.S. It is a comprehensive research university with land-, sea-, and space-grant status and awards undergraduate, graduate, and professional degrees. The university comprises a graduate school, an honours college, an interdisciplinary studies program, and colleges of forestry, oceanic and atmospheric sciences, pharmacy, agricultural sciences, business, engineering, health and human performance, home economics and education, science, veterinary medicine, and liberal arts. The Cascades Campus at Bend opened in 2001. The university's Hatfield Marine Science Center is at Yaquina Bay in Newport. Other research facilities include the Integrated Plant Protection Center, the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, the Marine/Freshwater Biomedical Sciences Center, the Environmental Health Sciences Center, and the Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology. Oregon State operates extension service centres in each county throughout the state. Total enrollment exceeds 16,000.The history of the university began with the founding of Corvallis College, a coeducational preparatory academy, in 1858. Two years later it was sold to the Methodist church, and it began teaching college-level courses in 1865. In 1868 the academy, under partial control of the state, was chartered as a college and received land-grant (land-grant college) status; agriculture was added to the curriculum. Several name changes took place in the 1870s and '80s. In 1885 the state took complete control of the college, and the name was changed to State Agricultural College of Oregon and later Oregon Agricultural College. It became Oregon State College in 1937 and was awarded university standing in 1961. Two-time Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling (Pauling, Linus) and inventor Douglas Engelbart (Engelbart, Douglas) were alumni of the university. The Linus Pauling Institute (1996) performs research on nutrition and health.
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