Old World fruit bat

Old World fruit bat

 any of more than 180 species of large-eyed fruit-eating or flower-feeding bats widely distributed from Africa to Southeast Asia and Australia. Some species are solitary, some gregarious. Most roost in the open in trees, but some inhabit caves, rocks, or buildings.

      Among the best-known pteropodids are the flying foxes (Pteropus), found on tropical islands from Madagascar to Australia and Indonesia. They are the largest of all bats. Some of the smallest members of the family are the pollen- and nectar-eating long-tongued fruit bats (Macroglossus), which attain a head and body length of about 6–7 cm (2.4–2.8 inches) and a wingspan of about 25 cm (10 inches). Colour varies among the pteropodids; some are red or yellow, some striped or spotted. With the exception of rousette bats (Rousettus), Old World fruit bats rely on vision rather than echolocation (animal “sonar”) as a means of avoiding obstacles.

 Asian representatives of the family include various tube-nosed bats and the abundant short-nosed fruit bats (Cynopterus). Among African members of the family are the epauletted fruit bats (Epomophorus), in which the male has tufts of pale hair on the shoulders, and the hammer-headed fruit bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus), which has a large, blunt muzzle and pendulous lips.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bulmer's fruit bat — Taxobox name = Bulmer s fruit bat status = CR trend = down status system = iucn2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Chiroptera familia = Pteropodidae genus = Aproteles genus authority = Menzies, 1977 species = A.… …   Wikipedia

  • fruit bat — noun large Old World bat of warm and tropical regions that feeds on fruit • Syn: ↑megabat • Hypernyms: ↑bat, ↑chiropteran • Hyponyms: ↑flying fox, ↑Pteropus capestratus, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • fruit bat — any fruit eating bat, esp. of the suborder Megachiroptera, of tropical regions throughout the Old World, typically having erect, catlike ears and large eyes adapted for night vision, and either tailless or with a rudimentary tail, the numerous… …   Universalium

  • Egyptian fruit bat — Taxobox name = Rousettus aegypticus status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 trend = stable image width = 240px image caption = Egyptian Rousette or Egyptian Fruit Bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia… …   Wikipedia

  • Pygmy Fruit Bat — Taxobox | name = Pygmy Fruit Bat status = LR/nt | status system = IUCN2.3 image width = 225px image caption = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata subphylum = Vertebrata classis = Mammalia ordo = Chiroptera familia = Pteropodidae genus = Aethalops …   Wikipedia

  • fruit bat — fruit′ bat n. mam any fruit eating tropical Old World bat of the family Pteropodidae • Etymology: 1875–80 …   From formal English to slang

  • fruit bat — noun a large bat which feeds chiefly on fruit or nectar, found mainly in the Old World tropics. [Family Pteropodidae: numerous species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • fruit bat — noun Date: 1877 any of a family (Pteropodidae of the suborder Megachiroptera) of often large tropical and subtropical Old World bats that feed on ripe fruit, pollen, and nectar and that usually use visual navigation rather than echolocation… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lesser Short-nosed Fruit Bat — Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • bat — bat1 /bat/, n., v., batted, batting. n. 1. Sports. a. the wooden club used in certain games, as baseball and cricket, to strike the ball. b. a racket, esp. one used in badminton or table tennis. c. a whip used by a jockey. d. the act of using a… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”