Nyasa, Lake

Nyasa, Lake

also called  Lake Malaŵi,  
 lake, southernmost and third largest of the East African Rift Valley lakes of East Africa, lying in a deep trough mainly within Malaŵi.

      The lake's middle line and its northern and eastern shores form much of Malaŵi's boundary with Tanzania and Mozambique. Its north-south length is 363 mi (584 km), its width varies from 10 to 50 mi, and its area is 11,430 sq mi (29,604 sq km). The surface of the lake is 1,550 ft (472 m) above sea level, and the depth increases to 2,310 ft toward the northern end, where the forested Livingstone Mountains to the east and the Nyika Plateau and Viphya Highlands to the west fall precipitously down to the lakeshore.

      A fresh southeasterly wind (the mwera) prevails from May to August, causing short gales and restless waters; the coastline offers little shelter. Halfway up the lake is Likoma Island, a mission headquarters and site of an imposing Anglican cathedral (completed 1911). On the heavily populated Malaŵi shore there are government stations at Mangochi, Nkhotakota, Nkhata Bay, and Karonga.

      Nyasa (meaning “lake”) is fed by 14 perennial rivers, the largest being the Ruhuhu; the sole outlet is the Shire River, a tributary of the Zambezi. Of about 200 recorded species of fish, about 80 percent are endemic, being isolated from the Zambezi fauna by the Kabalega Falls. Commercial fisheries exist at the southern end of the lake, based chiefly on the freshwater fish Tilapia; fly hatches on the lake occur in clouds large enough to obscure the horizon.

      Passenger and cargo vessels are operated by the Malaŵi Railways company. Cotton, rubber, rice, tung oil, and peanuts (groundnuts) are shipped to the railhead at Chipoka in the south, from which point the railway connects through the city of Limbe with Beira, Mozambique.

      The existence of the lake was reported by a Portuguese, Caspar Boccaro, in 1616. David Livingstone, the British explorer-missionary, reached it from the south in 1859.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nyasa,Lake — Ny·as·a (nī ăsʹə, nyäʹsä), Lake also Lake Malawi A lake of southeast central Africa between Tanzania, Mozambique, and Malawi. It was named by David Livingstone in 1899. * * * …   Universalium

  • Nyasa, Lake — geographical name see Malawi (Lake) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nyasa, Lake — …   Useful english dictionary

  • lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) …   Universalium

  • Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly …   Universalium

  • Lake Malawi — View from orbit Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Nyasa — Nyasa, also spelled Nyassa or Niassa, is a common word for lake in the languages spoken around what is now known as Lake Malawi. In the colonial period that lake was called Lake Nyasa and Malawi was named Nyasaland. Categories: Geography of… …   Wikipedia

  • Nyasa — [nyä′sä, nī as′ə] Lake another name for MALAWI Lake …   English World dictionary

  • Malombe, Lake — ▪ lake, Malaŵi       lake fed and drained by the Shire River in southern Malaŵi. It lies in a broken depression running northwest from Lake Chilwa to Lake Nyasa (Nyasa, Lake), parallel to the Shire Rift Valley. The lake is fed by the Shire River… …   Universalium

  • Lake Rukwa — Infobox lake lake name = Lake Rukwa image lake = caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = southwestern Tanzania coords = coord|8|00|S|32|25|E|region:TZ type:waterbody|display=inline,title type = alkaline inflow = outflow …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”