Nivelle, Robert-Georges

Nivelle, Robert-Georges

▪ French military officer
born Oct. 15, 1856, Tulle, France
died March 23, 1924, Paris

      commander in chief of the French armies on the Western Front for five months in World War I. His career was wrecked by the failure of his offensive in the spring of 1917.

      Nivelle graduated from the École Polytechnique in 1878, served in Indochina, Algeria, and China as an artillery officer, and was made a general of brigade in October 1914 after World War I began. In 1915 he rose to command a division and then the 3rd Corps, which helped stem the German offensive at the Battle of Verdun (Verdun, Battle of) early in 1916. In May 1916 he succeeded General Philippe Pétain as commander of the 2nd Army at Verdun. His use of creeping artillery barrages in two dazzlingly successful French counterattacks there (October, December 1916) enabled the French to retake nearly all the ground gained by the Germans over the previous six months.

      That December, Nivelle was promoted over many senior officers to succeed General Joseph-Jacques Joffre as commander in chief of the French armies. He then proclaimed that his methods at Verdun could win the war. David Lloyd George (Lloyd George, David), the British prime minister, heartily subscribed to Nivelle's advocacy of frontal assaults carried out in close coordination with massive artillery bombardments, and he placed the British armies in France under Nivelle's command for his great offensive. Nivelle, however, steadily lost the confidence of his own chief subordinates, and his final offensive on the Aisne front (April 1917) failed to break through German lines and cost France 120,000 casualties. The next month there were widespread mutinies in the French armies. On May 15, 1917, Nivelle was replaced by Pétain as commander in chief, and in December 1917 he was transferred to North Africa.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Georges Nivelle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nivelle. Robert Georges Nivelle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Robert Nivelle — Robert Georges Nivelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nivelle. Robert Georges Nivelle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Nivelle — Robert Georges Nivelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nivelle. Robert Georges Nivelle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Nivelle — Robert George Nivelle Robert Georges Nivelle (* 15. Oktober 1856 in Tulle (Département Corrèze, Frankreich) als Kind eines französischen Vaters und einer englischen Mutter; † 23. März 1924 in Paris) war ein französischer General im Ersten Weltkri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Nivelle — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Georges Nivelle El general Nivelle General Leal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Nivelle — Infobox Military Person name=Robert Nivelle caption=General Nivelle born=15 October 1856 died=22 March 1924 placeofbirth=Tulle, France placeofdeath=Paris, France nickname= allegiance= branch=French Army serviceyears=1878 1921 rank=General de… …   Wikipedia

  • Nivelle — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Toponyme 3 Hydronym …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Clemenceau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Clemenceau (homonymie) et Tigre (homonymie). Georges Clemenceau Portrait de Clemenceau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Général Nivelle — Robert Georges Nivelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nivelle. Robert Georges Nivelle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Offensive Nivelle — Bataille du Chemin des Dames Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bataille de l Aisne. Bataille du Chemin des Dames Front de l Aisne, 1917 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”