Nicole, Pierre

Nicole, Pierre

▪ French theologian
born Oct. 19, 1625, Chartres, France
died Nov. 16, 1695, Paris
 French theologian, author, moralist, and controversialist whose writings, chiefly polemical, supported the Roman Catholic reform movement known as Jansenism.

      Educated in Paris, Nicole taught literature and philosophy at Port-Royal des Champs, a Cistercian abbey that was a stronghold of Jansenism. With the Jansenist leader Antoine Arnauld and others, he wrote several textbooks, among them La Logique, ou L'art de Penser (1662; Logic; or, The Art of Thinking). Nicole was an influential spokesman from 1655 to 1668 through his writing or editing of most of the Jansenist pamphlets. He was probably the source of the celebrated distinction between the two “questions of fact,” an adroit device allowing him to separate into two parts the charge of heresy often made against the Jansenists. The two questions were: Are Jansenist doctrines rightly called heretical? And did Jansen in fact teach these doctrines? By answering the first question affirmatively and the second negatively, Nicole enabled the Jansenists to pursue their program of criticism and reform without openly breaking with the Roman Catholic church.

      From 1669 on, Nicole used his talents to defend Catholic dogma against Protestant criticism. A friend of the French philosopher Blaise Pascal, he used one of his numerous pseudonyms to translate into Latin Pascal's Provinciales (“Provincial Letters”). Nicole's best-known work is the Essais de morale, 4 vol. (1671; “Essays on Morality”), eventually enlarged to 14 volumes, in which he discussed the problems raised for ethics by human nature, which he found seldom capable of virtue.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicole, Pierre — • Theologian and controversialist (1625 1695) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nicole, Pierre — (1625–95)    Theologian.    Nicole was born in Chartres, France. After studying at the University of Paris, he taught at the Convent of Port Royal where he collaborated with Antoine arnauld. His early works were written from a moderate Jansenist… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • NICOLE, PIERRE —    French divine and moralist, born at Chartres, a PORT ROYALIST (q.v.), friend of Arnauld and Pascal; was along with the former author of the famous Port Royal Logic (1625 1695) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pierre Nicole —     Pierre Nicole     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pierre Nicole     Theologian and controversialist, b. 19 October, 1625, at Chartres, d. 16 November, 1695, at Paris. He studied at Paris, became Master of Arts, 1644, and followed courses in… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • NICOLE (P.) — NICOLE PIERRE (1625 1695) L’un des principaux écrivains de Port Royal, théologien, controversiste, moraliste. Né à Chartres, issu d’une famille d’humanistes et de poètes, Pierre Nicole est très tôt attiré dans le milieu de Port Royal par une de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicole — (Pierre) (1625 1695) écrivain français de Port Royal. Il collabora avec Arnauld à la Logique de Port Royal (1662) et écrivit les Essais de morale (1671 1678) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicole Ameline — Nicole Ameline, en mars 2008. Mandats Députée de la 4e circonscription du Calvados …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicole Bricq — Mandats Sénatrice de Seine et Marne Actuellement en fonction …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Nicole — était un théologien et un controversiste français, né le 19 octobre 1625 à Chartres (une plaque commémorant sa naissance est d ailleurs visible à Chartres, place Honoré d Estienne d Orves), décédé le 16 novembre 1695 à Paris. Il est considéré… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicole Guedj — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guedj. Nicole Guedj est une juriste et femme politique française née le 11 mai& …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”