New Zealand Political Reform League

New Zealand Political Reform League

      conservative political party formed from various local and sectional organizations that took power in 1912, following a general election in 1911, and held control of the government until 1928. The Reform Party first acted as a united group in 1905, but it was not formally constituted and organized along party lines until after the 1911 election.

      Based primarily on urban business interests and the small farmers of the North Island dairy industry, the Reform Party won the 1911 election by a promise to transform agricultural leasehold property into freehold on terms that would enable farmers to reap a significant profit from the sale of their land. It also benefited from its opposition to growing labour union defiance of New Zealand's antistrike Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1894).

      Led by W.F. Massey (Massey, William Ferguson), the party's leader and New Zealand's premier from 1912 until his death in 1925, the Reform Party dealt violently with the strikes of 1912–13. But it was mortally weakened during the depression of the late 1920s, when its business and agrarian wings turned against one another. The Reform Party returned to power in coalition with the United Party (1931–35) but was formally dissolved in 1936. Its remnant entered the new National Party.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Zealand — New Zealander. /zee leuhnd/ a country in the S Pacific, SE of Australia, consisting of North Island, South Island, and adjacent small islands: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 3,587,275; 103,416 sq. mi. (267,845 sq. km). Cap.: Wellington …   Universalium

  • New Zealand National Party — ▪ political party, New Zealand       political party founded in 1936 in the merger of non Labour groups, most notably the United Party and the Reform Party, two parties that had been in coalition since 1931. It supports free market economic… …   Universalium

  • New Zealand Reform Party — The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand s second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Labour Party — Rōpū Reipa o Aotearoa President Moira Coatsworth …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand National Party — Rōpū Nāhinara Leader John Key Preside …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Labour Party (1910) — New Zealand Labour Party Founded 1910 Dissolved 1912 Ideology Leftism Politics of New Zealand Political parties …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Pacific Party — Leader Taito Philip Field Founded 2008 Dissolved 2010 …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Liberal Party (2008) — New Zealand Liberal Party logo The Liberal Party is a political party in New Zealand which promotes social liberalism. It was founded on 10 March 2008[1] The party is an attempt to revive the old New Zealand Liberal Party. It aims to be a broad… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Family Rights Protection Party — logo The New Zealand Family Rights Protection Party was a political party in New Zealand. It was primarily based around Pacific Islanders, and claims that the established political parties do not give sufficient consideration to the concerns of… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Liberal Party — This article is about the original New Zealand Liberal Party. At least three subsequent organisations, unconnected to the original, have used the same name: the Liberal Party of 1962, Liberal Party of 1992, and the Liberal Party of 2008. The… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”