Nenni, Pietro Sandro

Nenni, Pietro Sandro

▪ Italian journalist and politician
born Feb. 9, 1891, Faenza, Italy
died Jan. 1, 1980, Rome
 journalist and politician who was leader of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), twice foreign minister, and several times vice-premier of Italy.

 The son of a peasant, Nenni first became a journalist. When Italy invaded Libya in September 1911, Nenni organized a strike against the campaign. He was jailed for his activities and met Benito Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito) in prison. He joined the PSI in 1921. In 1922, when Mussolini came to power, Nenni, an ardent antifascist, attacked him in the newspaper Avanti, of which he was chief editor. In 1925 he was arrested for publishing a booklet on the Fascists' murder of Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti, and in the following year, after the suppression of Avanti, he fled to Paris. During the Spanish Civil War, Nenni was cofounder and political commissar of the Garibaldi Brigade. In 1940 he was arrested in Vichy France by the German Gestapo, taken back to Italy in 1943, and interned on the island of Ponza by Mussolini. In August of the same year, he was released by order of Marshal Pietro Badoglio. Nenni was then elected secretary-general of the PSI and in 1945 became vice-premier in the government of Feruccio Parri. Elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946, he became vice-premier again in Christian Democrat Alcide De Gasperi's coalition government. In 1946 Nenni was named foreign minister, but in January 1947 the PSI split and Nenni, heading the party's left wing, made an alliance with the Communists. For almost a decade the alliance opposed Christian Democrat governments.

      Nenni broke with the Communists after the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956. In 1963 he finally brought the PSI back into a full-fledged coalition with the Christian Democrats under Aldo Moro. He served as foreign minister in 1968–69 and was vice-premier in three successive cabinets, but, when the centre-left alliance collapsed in 1969, Nenni resigned as head of the PSI. Nenni was made a senator for life in 1970 and in June 1979 was elected president of the Senate.

Additional Reading
Two studies are Giuseppe Tamburrano, Pietro Nenni (1986); and Enzo Santarelli, Pietro Nenni (1988).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nenni, Pietro (Sandro) — born Feb. 9, 1891, Faenza, Italy died Jan. 1, 1980, Rome Italian politician. He joined the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) in 1921 and edited its newspaper, Avanti! (1922–26). After criticizing the Fascist Party and Benito Mussolini, he was… …   Universalium

  • Nenni, Pietro (Sandro) — (9 feb. 1891, Faenza, Italia–1 ene. 1980, Roma). Político italiano. Se unió al Partido Socialista Italiano (PSI) en 1921 y trabajó como editor del periódico del PSI, Avanti! (1922–26). Después de criticar al Partido Fascista y a Benito Mussolini …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pietro — (as used in expressions) Antonio di Pietro Averlino Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci Pietro Pierleoni Guido di Pietro Aretino Pietro Badoglio Pietro Bembo Pietro Pietro Spagnuolo Pietro Francesco Caletti Bruni Cavallini Pietro Francesco di Pietro di …   Universalium

  • Pietro — (as used in expressions) Pietro Pierleoni Guido di Pietro Aretino, Pietro Badoglio, Pietro Bembo, Pietro Pietro Spagnuolo Pietro Francesco Caletti Bruni Cavallini, Pietro Antonio di Pietro Averlino Francesco di Pietro di Bernardone Giulio di… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pietro Nenni — Minister of Foreign Affairs In office December 12, 1968 – August 5, 1969 Prime Minister Mariano Rumor …   Wikipedia

  • Pietro Nenni — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pietro Sandro Nenni, nacido el 9 de febrero de 1891 en Faenza y muerto el 1 de enero de 1980 en Roma. Líder histórico del socialismo italiano. Proveniente de una familia de campesinos, fue periodista y posteriormente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sandro Pertini — Mandats 7e président de la République italienne 9 juillet 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sandro Pertini — Alessandro Pertini Presidente de la República Italiana …   Wikipedia Español

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Italian Socialist Party — ▪ political party, Italy Italian  Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI)        former Italian political party, one of the first Italian parties with a national scope and a modern democratic organization. It was founded in 1892 in Genoa as the Italian …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”