Nehru, Motilal

Nehru, Motilal

▪ Indian political leader
in full  Pandit Motilal Nehru  
born May 6, 1861, Delhi, India
died Feb. 6, 1931, Lucknow

      a leader of the Indian independence movement, cofounder of the Swaraj (“Self-rule”) Party, and the father of India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.

      Motilal, a member of a prosperous Brahman family of Kashmiri origin, early established a lucrative law practice and was admitted to the Allahābād High Court in 1896. He shunned politics until middle age, when, in 1907, at Allahābād, he presided over a provincial conference of the Indian National Congress, a political organization striving for dominion status for India. He was considered a moderate (one who advocated constitutional reform, in contrast to the extremists, who employed agitational methods) until 1919, when he made his newly radicalized views known by means of a daily newspaper he founded, The Independent.

      The massacre of hundreds of Indians by the British at Amritsar in 1919 prompted Motilal to join Gandhi's Non-cooperation Movement, giving up his career in law and changing to a simpler, non-Anglicized style of life. In 1921 both he and Jawaharlal were arrested by the British and jailed for six months.

      In 1923 Motilal helped found the Swaraj Party (1923–27), the policy of which was to win election to the Central Legislative Assembly and obstruct its proceedings from within. In 1928 he wrote the Congress Party's Nehru Report, a future constitution for independent India based on the granting of dominion status. After the British rejected these proposals, Motilal participated in the civil-disobedience movement of 1930, for which he was imprisoned. He died soon after release.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Motilal Nehru — (6 mai 1861 – 6 février 1931) fut l un des premiers activistes indiens pour l indépendance et le leader du Parti du Congrès. Il est aussi le patriarche de l une des plus importantes familles politiques de l Inde. C est le père du futur premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Motilal Nehru — Pandit Motilal Nehru मोतीलाल नेहरू Congress President In office 1919–1920 Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Nehru-Gandhi-Familie — Die Nehru Gandhi Familie ist die einflussreichste Politikerfamilie Indiens. Die Nehru Gandhi Familie hat die Kongresspartei während der meisten Zeit ihrer Geschichte dominiert. Drei Familienmitglieder hatten das Amt des Ministerpräsidenten inne,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nehru–Gandhi family — Nehru Gandhi family Ethnicity Mixed ethnicity Current region New Delhi, India Information …   Wikipedia

  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad — Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Motto Siddhirbhavati Karmaja Motto in English Success comes through hard work Established 1961 Type National Institute of Technology Chairman Dr. V.K. Sar …   Wikipedia

  • Nehru — Nehru,   1) Jawaharlal, indischer Politiker, * Allahabad 14. 11. 1889, ✝ Delhi 27. 5. 1964, Sohn von 2); aus einer Brahmanenfamilie Kaschmirs, führte den Titel »Pandit« (»Gelehrter«). Seit 1905 in Großbritannien, studierte er 1907 10… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Motilal Nehru College — is an academic institution located in the South Campus of Delhi University. It offers degree level education in humanities, commerce and science in morning and evening sittings. MLNC is now rated a top college in south campus having excellent… …   Wikipedia

  • Nehru — ist der Name folgender Personen: Braj Kumar Nehru (1909–2001), indischer Diplomat und Politiker Indira Priyadarshini Nehru Indira Gandhi, (1917–1984), Premierministerin Indiens Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964), erster Indischer Premierminister… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Motilal Nehru Medical College — Moti Lal Nehru Medical College Established May 5, 1961 (1961 05 05) Undergraduates 100 Location Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh India Mo …   Wikipedia

  • Motilal Nehru — Die Familie von Motilal Nehru, mit Jawaharlal Nehru, dessen Frau Kamala and Tochter Indira. Motilal Nehru (Hindi मोतीलाल नेहरू, Motīlāl Nehrū ; * 6. Mai 1861 in Agra; † 6. Februar 1931 in Lakhnau) war ein indischer Anwalt und ein führenden Polit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”