city, Hancock county, western Illinois, U.S. It lies along the Mississippi River, about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Burlington, Iowa. The area was long inhabited by Sauk and Fox Indians before American settlement. Permanent settlement was begun in 1824 by Captain James White, and the area soon became known as Venus. In 1834 it was renamed Commerce, and two years later the city was laid out, though in 1837 much of the area was abandoned. Nauvoo played an important role in Illinois history during the Mormon era. The Mormons arrived in 1839, and their leader, Joseph Smith (Smith, Joseph), renamed the settlement Nauvoo (a Hebrew word signifying “Beautiful Place”). It subsequently grew as a Mormon community of as many as 20,000 (making it then one of the largest cities in the state). In 1846, two years after a mob murdered Smith and his brother at the jail in nearby Carthage, Brigham Young (Young, Brigham) led the Mormons on an exodus to Utah. In 1849 the area was settled by Icarians, a group of socialists chiefly of French origin led by Étienne Cabet (Cabet, Étienne), who were joined by German and Swiss immigrants. By the mid-1850s there were divisions within the commune, and many Icarians left Nauvoo. From the mid-1860s Nauvoo became a centre for the cultivation of grapes; the local economy was devastated by prohibition (1919–33). In the 1930s blue-cheese making was introduced and became a chief source of income until the early 21st century. The city's economy is today based on wine making, agriculture (corn [maize], soybeans, and livestock), and tourism.

      Joseph Smith Historic Site includes the Joseph Smith Homestead (1803), the original log hut of the Smith family, and the Joseph Smith Mansion House (1843), built as Smith's permanent residence. Other local attractions include the home of Brigham Young and the Icarian Living History Museum, located in a house built in the 1840s. In 2002 a new Mormon temple, a replica of the original that was burned in 1848 and demolished in 1867, was dedicated. Nauvoo State Park, which encompasses about 150 acres (60 hectares), includes a historical museum and is a popular site for fishing. Inc. 1841. Pop. (1990) 1,108; (2000) 1,063.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Nauvoo — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Nauvoo (Alabama) Nauvoo (Illinois) Nauvoo (Missouri) Nauvoo (Tioga County, Pennsylvania) Nauvoo (York County, Pennsylvania) Nauvoo (Tennessee) Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nauvoo — Nauvoo, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1063 Housing Units (2000): 458 Land area (2000): 3.381550 sq. miles (8.758175 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.441006 sq. miles (3.732188 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.822556 sq. miles (12.490363 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Nauvoo — can mean: Nauvoo, Alabama Nauvoo, Illinois Nauvoo, Pennsylvania See also: Nauvoo Legion This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Nauvoo — Nauvoo, Nauvoo City, by i USA, stat Illinois, ligger 172 kilometer vestnordvest for Springfield på venstre bred af Mississippi. I 1840 erne, da byen var mormonernes hovedsæde, nåede den 18.000 indbyggere. 1838 førte Joseph Smith sine tilhængere… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Nauvoo, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 284 Housing Units (2000): 150 Land area (2000): 0.981793 sq. miles (2.542831 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.981793 sq. miles (2.542831 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Nauvoo, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1063 Housing Units (2000): 458 Land area (2000): 3.381550 sq. miles (8.758175 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.441006 sq. miles (3.732188 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.822556 sq. miles (12.490363 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Nauvoo — (spr. nahwúh), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Illinois, am Mississippi, (1900) 1321 E., 1840 46 Hauptsitz der Mormonen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nauvoo — Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nauvoo — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Nauvoo est le nom de plusieurs villes : Nauvoo dans Illinois Nauvoo dans Alabama Nauvoo en Pennsylvanie Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nauvoo — Original name in latin Nauvoo Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 40.55004 latitude 91.38487 altitude 199 Population 1149 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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