Natta, Giulio

Natta, Giulio

▪ Italian chemist
born Feb. 26, 1903, Imperia, near Genoa, Italy
died May 2, 1979, Bergamo

      Italian chemist who contributed to the development of high polymers useful in the manufacture of films, plastics, fibres, and synthetic rubber. Along with Karl Ziegler (Ziegler, Karl) of Germany, he was honoured in 1963 with the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the development of Ziegler-Natta catalysts (Ziegler-Natta catalyst).

      Natta took his doctorate in chemical engineering at Milan Polytechnic (1924) and held chairs in chemistry at the universities of Pavia, Rome, and Turin before returning to the Polytechnic as professor and research director of industrial chemistry (1938). His earlier work formed the basis of modern industrial syntheses of methanol, formaldehyde, butyraldehyde, and succinic acid. In 1953 he began intensive study of macromolecules. Using Ziegler's catalysts, he experimented with the polymerization of propylene and obtained polypropylenes of highly regular molecular structure. The properties—high strength, high melting points—of these polymers soon proved very commercially important.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Natta, Giulio — (1903–1979)    Born in Imperia near Genoa, Giulio Natta was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 and was the long time director of the department of industrial chemistry at Milan’s Politecnico University. Natta’s work in the field of… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Natta , Giulio — (1903–1979) Italian chemist Natta, who was born at Imperia in Italy, was educated at the Milan Polytechnic Institute where he obtained his doctorate in chemical engineering in 1924. He was professor at the University of Pavia (1933–35), the… …   Scientists

  • Natta,Giulio — Nat·ta (näʹtä), Giulio. 1903 1979. Italian chemist. He shared a 1963 Nobel Prize for research on polymers. * * * …   Universalium

  • Natta, Giulio — ► (1903 79) Químico italiano. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1963, compartido con Karl Ziegler, por sus trabajos sobre polímeros …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Natta — Giulio …   Scientists

  • Natta — Natta, Giulio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • NATTA (G.) — NATTA GIULIO (1903 1979) Chimiste italien né à Imperia, près de Gênes, et mort à Bergame. Après avoir fait des études d’ingénieur chimiste à l’institut polytechnique de Milan, Giulio Natta enseigne la chimie physique, générale et industrielle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Giulio Natta — Infobox Scientist name = Giulio Natta image width = caption = Giulio Natta birth date = February 26 1903 birth place = Imperia, Italy nationality = Italy death date = death date and age|1979|5|2|1903|2|26 death place = Bergamo, Italy field =… …   Wikipedia

  • Giulio Natta — (* 26. Februar 1903 in Imperia; † 2. Mai 1979 in Bergamo) war ein italienischer Chemiker. Leben und Werk Natta studierte Chemie Ingenieurwesen am Polytechnikum Mailand, wo er 1927 promovierte. Ab 1933 war er für zwei Jahre Professor an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giulio Natta — (26 février 1903 à Imperia, Italie 2 mai 1979 à Bergame, Italie) était un chimiste italien. Karl Ziegler et lui sont colauréats du prix Nobel de chimie de 1963 pour leurs travaux sur les polymères[1]. Il est le seul Italien,… …   Wikipédia en Français

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