National Day

National Day

▪ Chinese holiday
 holiday celebrated on October 1 to mark the formation of the People's Republic of China (China). The holiday is also celebrated by China's two special administrative regions: Hong Kong and Macau. Traditionally, the festivities begin with the ceremonial raising of the Chinese national flag (China, flag of) in Tiananmen Square in the capital city of Beijing. The flag ceremony is followed first by a large parade exhibiting the country's military forces and then by state dinners and, finally, fireworks displays, which conclude the evening celebrations. In 1999 the Chinese government expanded the celebrations by several days to give its citizens a seven-day vacation period similar to the Golden Week holiday in Japan. Often, the Chinese use this time to stay with relatives and to travel. Visiting amusement parks and watching special television programs centred on the holiday are also popular activities.

      On Oct. 1, 1949, Mao Zedong, the leader of the Red Army (communist forces), officially declared the formation of the People's Republic of China before a crowd of 300,000 in Tiananmen Square while waving the newly created Chinese flag. The declaration followed a civil war in which communist forces emerged victorious over the Nationalist government. On Dec. 2, 1949, at a meeting of the Central People's Government Council, the declaration to formally adopt October 1 as National Day was ratified by the First National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Day — Independence or Death, famous painting from Pedro Américo that celebrates the Independence Day of Brazil. The National Day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non sovereign country. This nationhood can be …   Wikipedia

  • national day — noun : a day having significance for and usually celebrated throughout a nation the 26th is a national day of mourning and all activities cease Stamps specifically : national holiday each colony tended to celebrate its own foundation day to the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • National Day of Prayer — Observed by The United States of America Date First Thursday in May 2010 date May 6 …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2008 — National Day Parade 2008 Organiser HQ GUARDS Chairperson: Tung Yui Fai Venue Marina Bay Theme Celebrating the Singapore Spirit Ev …   Wikipedia

  • National Day of the People's Republic of China — Observed by All of the  People s Republic of China including Hong Kong and Macau Type Historical …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2007 — National Day Parade 2007 Organiser Singapore Combat Engineers Chairperson: Teo Jing Siong Venue Marina Bay Theme Celebrate Singapore: City of Possibilities …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2005 — National Day Parade 2005 Organiser [[3rd Singapore Division]] Chairperson: BG Loh Wai Keong Venue Padang Theme 40 Years of Nation Building …   Wikipedia

  • National Day Parade, 2006 — National Day Parade 2006 Organiser Singapore Guards Chairperson: Goh Kee Nguan Venue National Stadium Theme Our Global City, Our Home Event Chronology NE Show 1 15 July 2006 …   Wikipedia

  • National Day of Reason — Observed by United States secular humanists Date First Thursday in May 2010 date May 6 2011 date May 5 2012 date May 3 …   Wikipedia

  • National Day (Singapore) — National Day Observed by Singapore Type National Significance Commemorates of Singapore s independence from Malaysia in 1965 Date 9 August Celebrations …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”