Natchez Trace Parkway

Natchez Trace Parkway

      scenic and historic roadway, extending 444 miles (715 km) through Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee, U.S. It begins in Natchez, Mississippi, and, generally following a Native American trail in a northeasterly direction, ends near Nashville, Tennessee. It passes through the Mississippi cities of Jackson and Tupelo (the parkway headquarters) and crosses Tombigbee National Forest in Mississippi and the Tennessee River in the northwestern corner of Alabama. Established in 1938 and administered by the U.S. National Park Service, the narrow parkway covers a total area of 81 square miles (210 square km).

      The trace was originally a game trail used by the Choctaw, Natchez, and Chickasaw peoples. In the late 18th century, boatmen who floated down the Mississippi River with flatboats of goods would sell both the goods and the boats and use the trace as an overland route back to the Ohio River valley. From 1800 to 1820 it was the most important highway in the Old Southwest—militarily, economically, and politically. With the advent of the river steamer and of newer, more direct roads after the War of 1812 (1812, War of), it began a gradual decline. Among the historical landmarks along its Mississippi route are Emerald Mound (c. 1400), the country's second largest ceremonial mound, built by ancestors of the Natchez; the restored Mount Locust Inn (c. 1780); the Bynum Mounds (c. 100 BC–AD 200); and Chickasaw Village (formerly Ackia Battleground), with exhibits on Chickasaw history and daily life. Napier Mine and Metal Ford in Tennessee hark back to frontier iron mining and smelting. The grave of explorer Meriwether Lewis (Lewis, Meriwether) is a short distance north of the trace in south-central Tennessee, near Hohenwald. The parkway passes through Mississippi cypress swamps and farm fields, Appalachian foothills, and Tennessee oak and hickory forests. Wildlife includes white-tailed deer, armadillos, beavers, raccoons, and opossums.

      In 1961 Ackia Battleground and Meriwether Lewis national monuments were added to the parkway's area, which also includes Tupelo National Battlefield and the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail. Natchez National Historical Park, Vicksburg National Military Park, Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, and Shiloh National Military Park are within 40 miles (65 km) of the parkway.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Natchez Trace Parkway — Natchez Trace Parkway …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace Parkway — Der Natchez Trace, auch Devil s Backbone genannt, war eine 8.000 Jahre alte Handelsstraße bzw. pfad vorwiegend der Cherokee, Choctaw und Chickasaw Indianer. Heute folgt eine Straße, der Natchez Trace Parkway fast genau dem ursprünglichen Pfad und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace Parkway Bridge — The Natchez Trace Parkway Bridge, viewed from the north Carries Natchez Trace Parkway Crosses State Route 96 …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace — Sunken part of the Old Trace A cypress swamp along the side of the Trace nea …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace Trail — Coordinates: 34°40′3.81″N 88°5′17.93″W / 34.667725°N 88.0883139°W / 34.667725; 88.0883139 The Natchez Trace Trail is a desi …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace State Park — For the Mississippi state park, see Trace State Park. Natchez Trace State Park …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace — Piste Natchez Une belle vue de la Piste Natchez. Photo de Big Al. La Piste Natchez (Natchez Trace) était une piste de 708 km de long (440 miles) entre Natchez dans le Mississippi et Nashville dans le Tennessee reliant les rivières …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Natchez Trace — Der Natchez Trace, auch Devil s Backbone genannt, war eine 8.000 Jahre alte Handelsstraße bzw. pfad vorwiegend der Cherokee, Choctaw und Chickasaw Indianer. Heute folgt eine als National Scenic Byway anerkannte Straße, der Natchez Trace Parkway,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Old Natchez Trace segments listed on the National Register of Historic Places — Seven segments of the historic Natchez Trace are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Also there are additional NRHP listed structures and other sites along the Natchez Trace, which served the travelers of the trace and… …   Wikipedia

  • Natchez Trace National Parkway — ➡ Natchez * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”