Naidu, Sarojini

Naidu, Sarojini

▪ Indian writer and political leader
née  Chattopadhyay 
born Feb. 13, 1879, Hyderābād, India
died March 2, 1949, Lucknow

      political activist, feminist, poet-writer, and the first Indian woman to be president of the Indian National Congress and to be appointed an Indian state governor.

      Sarojini was the eldest daughter of Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, a Bengali Brahman who was principal of the Nizam's College, Hyderābād. She entered Madras University at the age of 12 and studied (1895–98) at King's College, London, and later at Girton College, Cambridge.

      After some experience in the suffragist campaign in England, she was drawn to India's Congress movement and to Mahatma Gandhi's Non-cooperation Movement. In 1924 she traveled in eastern Africa and South Africa in the interest of Indians there and the following year became the first Indian woman president of the National Congress—having been preceded eight years earlier by the English feminist Annie Besant. She toured North America, lecturing on the Congress movement, in 1928–29. Back in India her anti-British activity brought her a number of prison sentences (1930, 1932, and 1942–43). She accompanied Gandhi to London for the inconclusive second session of the Round Table Conference for Indian–British cooperation (1931). Upon the outbreak of World War II she supported the Congress Party's policies, first of aloofness, then of avowed hindrance to the Allied cause. In 1947 she became governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh), a post she retained until her death.

      Sarojini Naidu, “the Nightingale of India,” also led an active literary life and attracted notable Indian intellectuals to her famous salon in Bombay. Her first volume of poetry, The Golden Threshold (1905), was followed by The Bird of Time (1912), and in 1914 she was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. Her collected poems, all of which she wrote in English, have been published under the titles The Sceptred Flute (1928) and The Feather of the Dawn (1961).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sarojini Naidu — Sarojini Born Sarojini Chattopadhyaya 13 February 1879(1879 02 13) Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, India Died 2 March 1949(1949 03 02) (aged 70) Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Sarojini Naidu — Sarojini Naidu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sarojini Naidu Medical College — or SNMC, is a Medical College situated in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. History Sarojini Naidu Medical College, is one of the first three oldest medical colleges of India. During the British Empire s government, in 1854 S N Medical College was… …   Wikipedia

  • Naidu — (also spelt Nayudu or Naidoo) is a title used by various social groups of the Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states of India. It is also used in Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa and Chattisgarh. It is a Telugu derivation of the Sanskrit… …   Wikipedia

  • Sarojini Nagar — Market started out as the local shopping area for the huge Sarojini Nagar Government Colony, a housing project for junior officer level employees of the Indian Central Government, as well as the state Government, built in the early 1950s. Until… …   Wikipedia

  • Sarojini — ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Indien: im Lotos Bekannte Namensträgerinnen Sarojini Gogte, indische Badmintonspielerin Sarojini Naidu, indische Autorin Weblinks of Sarojini.shtml …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naidu — ist der Name mehrerer Personen Ann Katrin Naidu, deutsche Opernsängerin Sarojini Naidu (1879–1949), indische Dichterin Siehe auch: Naidoo Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital — is a medical institution in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is named after Sarojini Devi Naidu, a politician. It is affiliated to Osmania Medical college and Gandhi Medical College and serves as a teaching hospital. Originally, it included… …   Wikipedia

  • Naidu — biographical name Sarojini 1879 1949 Indian poet & reformer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park — Zoo entrance Date opened …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”