Mutis, José

Mutis, José

▪ Spanish botanist
in full  José Celestino Bruno Mutis 
born April 6, 1732, Cádiz, Spain
died September 11, 1808, Bogotá [now in Colombia]

      botanist who initiated one of the most important periods of botanical exploration in Spain.

      After receiving the bachelor's degree from the University of Sevilla (Seville) in 1753, Mutis studied medicine at Madrid and in 1757 became physician to the royal household of Ferdinand VI. One of the first Spanish disciples of the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus (Linnaeus, Carolus), Mutis studied botany in his spare time until 1760, when he was appointed physician to the viceroy of New Granada in South America. In 1764, three years after arriving in Bogotá, Mutis requested financial support to establish a botanical garden but was refused because of a lack of funds. In 1766 he took up residence in the Andes at Pamplona, where he reorganized the teaching of medicine, developed modern mining methods, and investigated the curative powers of quinine. He also taught botany and botanical drawing and cultivated plants for medicinal and agricultural uses.

      With the arrival of a new viceroy in 1782, Mutis was named first botanist and astronomer of the botanical expedition of northern South America. He built a botanical garden in the town of Mariquita and assembled one of the finest botanical libraries in the New World. Along with his staff of artists, zoologists, and botanists, he assembled thousands of drawings, a collection of bird and animal skins, and a herbarium containing more than 24,000 plants. He wrote hundreds of botanical papers, but his Flora de Bogotá o de Nueva Granada, containing more than 6,000 illustrations, was so massive that the Spanish government could not afford to print it.

      In 1791 the botanical expedition moved to Bogotá, where, some years later, it built the first conservatory in South America.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mutis, José Celestino — • Eminent naturalist and scientist in South America, b. at Cadiz, Spain, 6 April, 1732; d. at Bogotá, Colombia, 2 Sept., 1808 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mutis, José Celestino     José Celestino Mutis …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mutis, José Celestino — ► (1732 1808) Botánico y médico español. Se ordenó sacerdote y se dedicó a los estudios botánicos. Realizó una expedición botánica en 1783 a Nueva Granada. Estudió las propiedades terapéuticas de la quinina …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Celestino Mutis — José Celestino Mutis, botánico y matemático Nacimiento 6 de abril de 1732 Cádiz, España …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jose Mutis — José Celestino Mutis (* 6. April 1732 in Cádiz; † 11. September 1808 in Bogotá) war ein spanischer Botaniker und Mathematiker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Mutis“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José C. Mutis — José Celestino Mutis (* 6. April 1732 in Cádiz; † 11. September 1808 in Bogotá) war ein spanischer Botaniker und Mathematiker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Mutis“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Celestino Bruno Mutis — José Celestino Mutis (* 6. April 1732 in Cádiz; † 11. September 1808 in Bogotá) war ein spanischer Botaniker und Mathematiker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Mutis“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Celestino Mutis — (* 6. April 1732 in Cádiz; † 11. September 1808 in Bogotá) war ein spanischer Botaniker und Mathematiker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Mutis“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jose Celestino Mutis —     José Celestino Mutis     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► José Celestino Mutis     Eminent naturalist and scientist in South America, b. at Cadiz, Spain, 6 April, 1732; d. at Bogotá, Colombia, 2 Sept., 1808.     Mutis studied medicine at Seville and …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jose Celestino Bruno Mutis y Bosio — José Celestino Bruno Mutis y Bosio José Celestino Mutis José Celestino Bruno Mutis y Bosio est un médecin et un naturaliste espagnol, né le 6 avril 1732 à Cadix et mort le 11 septembre 1808 à Bogota. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Celestino Bruno Mutis Y Bosio — José Celestino Mutis José Celestino Bruno Mutis y Bosio est un médecin et un naturaliste espagnol, né le 6 avril 1732 à Cadix et mort le 11 septembre 1808 à Bogota. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

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