Morton, John

Morton, John

born c. 1420, , Bere Regis or Milborne St. Andrew, Dorset, Eng.
died Oct. 12, 1500, Knole, Kent

      archbishop of Canterbury and cardinal, one of the most powerful men in England in the reign of King Henry VII.

      During the Wars of the Roses between the houses of York and Lancaster, Morton favoured the Lancastrian cause. He received minor ecclesiastical posts under the Lancastrian monarch Henry VI, but upon the accession of the Yorkist Edward IV, in 1461, he was declared a traitor and forced to sue for a pardon. In 1470 Morton helped assemble the coalition of Lancastrians and disaffected Yorkists that drove Edward IV from the country. Nevertheless, after Edward regained his throne in 1471, Morton was given ambassadorial posts and appointed bishop of Ely (1479). When Edward's brother seized the throne as King Richard III in 1483, Morton became one of Richard's bitterest enemies. While imprisoned by Richard in Brecon (Brecknock) Castle, the bishop helped plot the unsuccessful uprising led by Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (October 1483). Morton then escaped to Flanders.

      Upon his return to England after Henry VII assumed the throne in 1485, he became one of the most trusted and influential royal advisers. He was made archbishop of Canterbury in 1486, lord chancellor in 1487, and cardinal in 1493. Traditionally, Morton has been known as the inventor of “Morton's Fork,” a sophistical dilemma imposed on both rich and poor by Henry's tax commissioners in order to extort funds for the crown. The rich were told that they could afford to contribute, and the poor were accused of having concealed wealth.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morton, John — • Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, b. in Dorsetshire about 1420, d. at Knowle, Kent, 15 Sept., 1500 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Morton, John     John Morton …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Morton, John, Cardinal Archbishop of Canterbury — (c. 1420–1500)    A longtime Lancastrian, John Morton was a leader of the opposition to RICHARD III during the last phase of the WARS OF THE ROSES and a likely source for Sir Thomas More’s later history of Richard’s reign. Morton studied law at… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • John Morton — may refer to: John Morton (bishop) (c. 1420–1500), archbishop of Canterbury John Morton (actor) (born 1947), American movie actor and stuntman John Morton (American football) (born 1969), American football coach John Morton (basketball) (born… …   Wikipedia

  • John Creasey — (* 17. September 1908 in Southfields (Grafschaft Surrey); † 9. Juni 1973 in New Hall, Bodenham (Salisbury, Grafschaft Wiltshire)) war ein englischer Schriftsteller. Er galt als extrem produktiv und schrieb unter vielen verschiedenen Pseudonymen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Morton (politician) — John Morton (1725 – April 1 1777) was a farmer, surveyor, and jurist from the Province of Pennsylvania. As a delegate to the Continental Congress during the American Revolution, he provided the swing vote that allowed Pennsylvania to vote in… …   Wikipedia

  • John Kenneth Morton — Nacimiento 1928 Residencia Gran Bretaña Nacionalidad británico Campo botánico John Kenneth Morton ( * 1928 …   Wikipedia Español

  • John W. Morton — John Jack William Morton (February 13, 1879 ndash; September 5, 1950) was a British athlete who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London.He was born in Handsworth, West Midlands and died in Brighton.In the 100 metres, Morton won his first… …   Wikipedia

  • John Morton —     John Morton     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Morton     Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, b. in Dorsetshire about 1420, d. at Knowle, Kent, 15 Sept., 1500. He was educated at Oxford (Balliol College) where he graduated D.C.L. Being… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Dury — John Dury[1] (Edinburgh[2] 1596 Kassel, 1680) was a Scottish Calvinist minister and a significant intellectual of the English Civil War period. He made efforts to re unite the Calvinist and Lutheran wings of Protestantism, hoping to succeed when… …   Wikipedia

  • John Alcock (Bischof) — Grabmal von John Alcock in der Kathedrale von Worcester. John Alcock (* um 1430 in Beverley; † 1. Oktober 1500 in Wisbeach Castle, beigesetzt in Ely) war ein englischer Kleriker. Er wurde als Sohn von Sir William Alcock geboren und studierte an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”