Moore, Marianne

Moore, Marianne

▪ American poet
in full  Marianne Craig Moore 
born Nov. 15, 1887, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.
died Feb. 5, 1972, New York, N.Y.

      American poet whose work distilled moral and intellectual insights from the close and accurate observation of objective detail.

      Moore graduated from Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania in 1909 as a biology major and then studied commercial subjects and taught them at the U.S. Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Her first published work appeared in 1915 in the Egoist and in Harriet Monroe (Monroe, Harriet)'s Poetry magazine. After 1919, living in Brooklyn, New York, with her mother, Moore devoted herself to writing, contributing poetry and criticism to many journals in the United States and England.

      In 1921 her first book, Poems, was published in London by Hilda Doolittle (Doolittle, Hilda) and Winifred Ellerman (byname Bryher). Her first American volume was titled Observations (1924). These initial collections exhibited Moore's conciseness and her ability to create a mosaic of juxtaposed images that lead unerringly to a conclusion that, at its best, is both surprising and inevitable. They contain some of her best-known poems, including “To a Steam Roller,” “The Fish,” “When I Buy Pictures,” “Peter,” “The Labors of Hercules,” and “Poetry.” The last named is the source of her often-quoted admonition that poets should present imaginary gardens with real toads in them.

      In 1925—already well known as one of the leading new poets—she became acting editor of The Dial, an influential American journal of literature and arts, and she remained with The Dial until it was discontinued in 1929. Moore's Collected Poems appeared in 1951. She also published a translation of The Fables of La Fontaine (1954); a volume of critical papers, Predilections (1955); and Idiosyncrasy and Technique: Two Lectures (1958).

      A disciplined craftsman, Moore won the admiration of fellow poets throughout her long career. The poet and critic T.S. Eliot (Eliot, T.S.) called her one of the few producers of durable poetry in her time.

Additional Reading
The Selected Letters of Marianne Moore, ed. by Bonnie Costello, Celeste Goodridge, and Cristanne Miller (1997), collects a wide-ranging set of her correspondence. Works of biography and criticism include Laurence Stapleton, Marianne Moore: The Poet's Advance (1978); Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore (1981); Margaret Holley, The Poetry of Marianne Moore (1987); Charles Molesworth, Marianne Moore: A Literary Life (1990); and Linda Leavell, Marianne Moore and the Visual Arts (1995).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moore, Marianne —    см. Мур, Марианна …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Moore,Marianne Craig — Moore, Marianne Craig. 1887 1972. American poet whose descriptive works, published in Poems (1921), Complete Poems (1967), and other collections, are characterized by wit, irony, and unconventional meter. * * * …   Universalium

  • Moore, Marianne (Craig) — born Nov. 15, 1887, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 5, 1972, New York City, N.Y. U.S. poet. She attended Bryn Mawr College and later settled in Brooklyn, N.Y., with her mother. After 1919 she devoted herself to writing, contributing poetry and… …   Universalium

  • Moore, Marianne (Craig) — (15 nov. 1887, St. Louis, Mo., EE.UU.–5 feb. 1972, Ciudad de Nueva York, N.Y.). Poetisa estadounidense. Estudió en Bryn Mawr College y luego se estableció en Brooklyn, N.Y., con su madre. Desde 1919 en adelante se dedicó a la escritura; escribió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marianne Moore — Photograph by Carl Van Vechten (1948) Born November 15, 1887(1887 11 15) Kirkwood, Missouri, U.S. Died …   Wikipedia

  • Marianne Moore — en 1948. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marianne Moore — Photographie de Marianne Moore par Carl Van Vechten, le 13 novembre 1948 Activités Poète …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moore — Moore, George Moore, Henry Moore, Stanford Moore, Thomas * * * (as used in expressions) Grimké, Sarah (Moore) y Grimké, Angelina (Emily) Kennedy, Edward M(oore) David John Moore Cornwell Moore, Archie Moore, Brian Moore, Clement Clarke …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moore — noun 1. Irish poet who wrote nostalgic and patriotic verse (1779 1852) • Syn: ↑Thomas Moore • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet 2. British sculptor whose works are monumental organic forms (1898 1986) • Syn: ↑Henry Moore, ↑Henry Spen …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marianne Moore — noun United States poet noted for irony and wit (1887 1872) • Syn: ↑Moore, ↑Marianne Craig Moore • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet * * * Marianne Moore [Marianne Moore …   Useful english dictionary

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