Molina, Luis de

Molina, Luis de

▪ Spanish theologian
born September 1535, Cuenca, Spain
died Oct. 12, 1600, Madrid
 Spanish Jesuit who devised the theological system known as Molinism, which endeavoured to confirm that man's will remains free under the action of divine grace.

      Molina became a Jesuit at the University of Coimbra, Port. (1553), where he studied philosophy and theology (1554–62). He taught at Coimbra (1563–67) and at Évora (1568–83) and spent his last years writing.

      Molina's works include his celebrated Concordia liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis (1588–89; “The Harmony of Free Will with Gifts of Grace”), Commentaria in primam partem divi Thomae (1592; “Commentary on the First Part of [the Summa of] St. Thomas”), and De jure et justitia, 6 vol. (1593–1609; “On Law and Justice”).

      Molinism led to a serious theological struggle between the Dominicans and the Jesuits for more than three centuries. Special assemblies at Rome (1598–1607) and other efforts to appease both sides failed. Molina in his Concordia aimed at a unified conception of divine justice and mercy, foreknowledge and divine guidance, predestination and condemnation, and grace and human freedom. The significance of his theory resided in its optimistic view of human nature, allowing for the possibility of sufficient grace—i.e., grace made effective by the assent of the recipient's will—and predestination in the expectation of the merits to be attained. His originality lay in the reformulation of traditional views on divine knowledge. There is a critical edition of the Concordia by J. Rabeneck (1953).

Additional Reading
Thomas P. Flint, Divine Providence: The Molinist Account (1998).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Molina, Luis de — (1535 1600)    A leading sixteenth century Spanish scholastic and Jesuit, Molina is today chiefly remembered for the doctrine of middle knowledge that he developed from the teachings of his master, Pedro da Fonseca (1528 99). In his Liberi… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Molina, Luis de — (1535–1600)    Theologian.    Molina was a member of the Jesuit Order. He is remembered as the author of Concordia Liberi Arbitrii cum Gratiae Donis. In this he put forward a theory of grace which became known as ‘Molinism’. He argued that the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Molina, Luis de — ► (1535 1601) Teólogo y jesuita español. En su obra De liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis concordia (1588), expone una doctrina para conciliar la libertad humana con la presencia divina, la predestinación y los auxilios de la gracia (molinismo),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MOLINA, LUIS —    a Spanish Jesuit and theologian, author of a theory called Molinism, which resolves the doctrine of predestination into a mere foreknowledge of those who would accept and those who would reject the grace of God in salvation …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Luis de Molina —     Luis de Molina     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Luis de Molina     One of the most learned and renown theologians of the Society of Jesus, b. of noble parentage at Cuenca, New Castle, Spain, in 1535; d. at Madrid, 12 October, 1600. At the age of …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Luis de Molina — Luis Molina Luis de Molina (* September 1535 in Cuenca, Neukastilien; † 12. Oktober 1600 in Madrid), war jesuitischer Theologe und Begründer des Molinismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Luis molina (rugby) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Molina. Luis Enrique Molina, né le 3 novembre 1959 à San Miguel de Tucumán (Argentine), est un ancien joueur de rugby argentin, évoluant au poste de pilier. Sommaire 1 Carrière …   Wikipédia en Français

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