Moffat, Robert

Moffat, Robert

▪ British missionary
born Dec. 21, 1795, Ormiston, East Lothian, Scot.
died Aug. 9, 1883, Leigh, Kent, Eng.
 Scottish missionary to Africa and Bible translator, who was known for his efforts to improve local living standards in Africa. He was also the father-in-law of the missionary and explorer David Livingstone (Livingstone, David) (1813–73).

      With little training, Moffat was assigned in 1816 by the London Missionary Society to go to South Africa. After spending seven years in several locations that were disrupted by warfare among Zulu tribesmen, he settled at Kuruman, southeast of the Kalahari (desert). There he lived for 49 years, building one of the foremost Protestant missionary communities in Africa. He traveled widely, and he encountered numerous tribes and mastered the Tswana language, into which he translated the Gospel According to Luke (1830). Through his influence the number of converts rose rapidly, and by 1857 he had completed a Tswana translation of the entire Bible. In 1838 he wrote A Book of Hymns in Chuana (Tswana).

      Though criticized by some as paternalistic, he laboured not only to alter the conduct but also to raise the standard of living of African peoples by introducing improved methods of agriculture and irrigation. On his first meeting with Livingstone, in 1840, Moffat recognized Livingstone's capacities and urged him to come to Africa, directing him to the region north of the Kalahari. After the death of his wife, Mary, with whom he shared his work for half a century, Moffat lived his remaining 13 years in retirement in England.

      Among Moffat's writings are Missionary Labours and Scenes in Southern Africa (1842) and Rivers of Water in a Dry Place (1863).

Additional Reading
Cecil Northcott, Robert Moffat: Pioneer in Africa, 1817–1870 (1961).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moffat, Robert — (1795–1883)    Missionary.    Moffat was born in East Lothian, Scotland, where he was apprenticed as a boy to a gardener. He was sponsored by the London Missionary Society, and sent to South Africa in 1817. He eventually settled in Kuruman, which …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • MOFFAT, ROBERT —    African missionary, born at Ormiston, Haddingtonshire; the scene of his nearly lifelong labours was among the Bechuanas in South Africa, whom he raised from a savage to a civilised state; he was sent out in 1816 by the London Missionary… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • MOFFAT, Robert — (1795 1883)    Scottish MISSIONARY to Africa. In 1825 he settled at Kuruman, Bechuanaland, which became the headquarters of all his activities for forty five years. When he left in 1870, a whole region had been CHRISTIANIZED …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Robert Moffat — (* 21. Dezember 1795 in Ormiston, East Lothian (Haddingtonshire), Schottland; † 8. August 1883 in Leigh, Kent, England) war ein schottischer Missionar. Nach einer Ausbildung zum Gärtner schloss er sich 1816 der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moffat [2] — Moffat, Robert, Missionar, geb. 21. Dez. 1795 in Ormiston (Schottland), gest. 9. Aug. 1883 in Leigh (Kent), war erst Gärtner, machte einen Missionskursus in Manchester durch und wurde 1816 von der Londoner Missionsgesellschaft nach der Kapkolonie …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Robert Moffat — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moffat. Robert Moffat Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Moffat (homme politique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moffat. Robert Moffat Source : Bibliothèque et Archives Canada Robert Moffat (1844 1887) était un homme d affaires et un homme politique canadien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Moffat — (21 December 1795 ndash; 9 August 1883) was a Scottish Congregationalist missionary to Africa.Moffat was born of humble parentage in Ormiston, East Lothian. He began as a gardener, but in 1814, when employed at the West Hall High Legh in Cheshire …   Wikipedia

  • Moffat — es un antiguo burgh y una localidad balneario en Dumfries and Galloway, Escocia, situada junto al río Annan, con una población de alrededor de 2500 habitantes. El edificio más insigne de la ciudad es el Moffat House Hotel, diseñado por John Adam …   Wikipedia Español

  • Moffat — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in Schottland: Moffat (Dumfries and Galloway) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Moffat (Alabama) Moffat (Colorado) Moffat (Texas) Personen: Chris Moffat (* 1979), kanadischer Rennrodler David Moffat (1839–1911), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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