Minot, George Richards

Minot, George Richards

▪ American physician
born Dec. 2, 1885, Boston, Mass., U.S.
died Feb. 25, 1950, Brookline, Mass.
 American physician who received (with George Whipple (Whipple, George H.) and William Murphy (Murphy, William P.)) the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1934 for the introduction of a raw-liver diet in the treatment of pernicious anemia, which was previously an invariably fatal disease.

      Minot received his medical degree at Harvard University in 1912. He did research at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (1915–23), the Collis P. Huntington Memorial Hospital, Harvard University (1922–28), and the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston (1923–28). He served as director of the Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Boston City Hospital, from 1928 until his death. Diagnosed with diabetes in 1921, his ability to work was hindered until he began using insulin in 1923, which had been synthesized for the first time the year before and is considered to have saved his life.

      Whipple had shown that anemia in dogs, induced by excessive bleeding, is reversed by a diet of raw liver, and in 1926 he and Murphy found that ingestion of a half pound of raw liver a day dramatically reversed pernicious anemia in human beings. With the American chemist Edwin Cohn (Cohn, Edwin Joseph), Minot succeeded in preparing effective liver extracts, which, taken orally, constituted the primary treatment for pernicious anemia until 1948, when a therapeutic factor was isolated and named vitamin B12.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Minot,George Richards — Mi·not (mīʹnət), George Richards. 1885 1950. American physician. He shared a 1934 Nobel Prize for discovering that a diet of liver relieves anemia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Minot, George (Richards) — born Dec. 2, 1885, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 25, 1950, Brookline, Mass. U.S. physician. He received his medical degree from Harvard University. He reversed anemia in dogs (induced by excessive bleeding) with a diet of raw liver; subsequently… …   Universalium

  • Minot , George Richards — (1885–1950) American physician. See Whipple, George …   Scientists

  • Minot, George (Richards) — (2 dic. 1885, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.–25 feb. 1950, Brookline, Mass.). Médico estadounidense. Se graduó de médico en la Universidad de Harvard. Mejoró la anemia (inducida por sangramiento) en perros alimentándolos con una dieta de hígado crudo;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Minot, George Richards — ► (1885 1950) Médico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1934, compartido con Murphy y Whipple, por sus investigaciones acerca de las enfermedades de la sangre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Richards Minot — George Minot George Richards Minot, né le 2 décembre 1885 à Boston dans le Massachusetts et décédé le 25 février 1950, est un médecin américain. Il a partagé en 1934 le prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine avec William Murphy et George Whipple… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Richards Minot — (Boston, Massachusetts, 2 de diciembre de 1885 Boston, 25 de febrero de 1950) fue un médico estadounidense. Fue asistente en la Universidad Johns Hopkins, siendo galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Medicina en 1934 junto a William Parry Murphy y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Richards Minot — (* 2. Dezember 1885 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA; † 25. Februar 1950 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Internist. Für ihre Lebertherapie gegen Anämie erhielt er 1934 gemeinsam mit William Parry Murphy und George Hoyt Whipple den Nobelpreis für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Richards Minot — (n. Boston, Massachusetts, 2 de diciembre de 1885 † Boston, 25 de febrero de 1950). Médico estadounidense. Estudió en la Universidad de Harvard, de la que llegó a ser profesor de medicina en 1928. Perteneció también al Consultorio del Hospital… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Minot — Minot, George Richards …   Enciclopedia Universal

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