mezza majolica

mezza majolica
majolica also spelled  Maiolica,  

      in pottery, an earthenware body dipped into clay slip and covered with a lead glaze, superficially resembling true majolica, or tin-glazed earthenware. In German it is sometimes known as halb-fayence (“half faience”). Both terms are misnomers; the ware is more correctly classified as sgraffito. That is, it is decorated by incision through the slip to reveal differently coloured clay beneath.

      Mezza majolica was produced in Italy from the late 15th until the 18th century, the main centre being Bologna. Since the glaze used was lead rather than tin, as in true majolica, it had a tendency to run when fired, causing a blurring of the design that, though not always unpleasant aesthetically, was, at best, unpredictable. The method of decoration, sometimes used in conjunction with glazes coloured green and manganese, is technically related to certain Chinese and Korean objects. The technique was practiced by Byzantine potters in Constantinople and made its appearance in Italy about 1500.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mezza majolica — Mez za ma*jol i*ca [It. See {Mezzo}; {Majolica}.] (Ceramics) Italian pottery of the epoch and general character of majolica, but less brilliantly decorated, esp. such pottery without tin enamel, but painted and glazed. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mezza majolica — |metsə , edzə , ezə noun Etymology: Italian mezza maiòlica, literally, half majolica : early Italian earthenware resembling majolica but whitened with a clay slip under a lead glaze and partly decorated in sgraffito …   Useful english dictionary

  • mezza-majolica — …   Useful english dictionary

  • pottery — /pot euh ree/, n., pl. potteries. 1. ceramic ware, esp. earthenware and stoneware. 2. the art or business of a potter; ceramics. 3. a place where earthen pots or vessels are made. [1475 85; POTTER1 + Y3] * * * I One of the oldest and most… …   Universalium

  • Kerāmik — (Kerameutik, griech., von kéramos, Töpferton; hierzu Tafel »Keramik I u. II«), Töpferkunst oder Tonbildnerei, die Kunst, aus Ton Gefäße, Figuren, Reliefs, Kacheln, Platten u. dgl. herzustellen. Über das dabei zu beobachtende technische Verfahren… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maiolica — Majolikabecher aus Mexiko Papagei mit Maske, 1915 von Joseph Wackerle entworfen, hergestellt in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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