Mercoeur, Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke de

Mercoeur, Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke de

▪ French prince
born Sept. 9, 1558, Nomény, France
died Feb. 19, 1602, Nürnberg [Germany]

      prince who led the resistance in Brittany against King Henry IV of France when that monarch was trying to consolidate his kingdom.

      Philippe was the son of Nicolas de Lorraine, who became Duke de Mercoeur in 1569, and was a half brother to Louise de Vaudémont, wife of Henry III of France. He succeeded to his father's duchy in 1577. Mercoeur served as governor of Brittany from 1582, but after Henry III had his cousins of the house of Guise assassinated in 1588, Philippe rebelled; when Henry III was himself assassinated (1589), Mercoeur rallied most of Roman Catholic Brittany against the Protestant Henry IV.

      Mercoeur set up a parlement (high court) of his own at Nantes and put forward his son Philippe as “prince and duke of Brittany.” Spain sent 7,000 men to help Mercoeur in October 1590, but England sent troops and ships against him. Mercoeur won a victory at Craon in Anjou in 1592 but lost ground in the years following Henry's conversion to Roman Catholicism (1593). Mercoeur at last submitted, received 4,000,000 livres, and agreed that his daughter and eventual heiress, Françoise, should marry Henry's illegitimate son César, Duke de Vendôme. Mercoeur then served with the army of the Holy Roman emperor Rudolf II against the Turks in Hungary and died of a fever on his way back to France. Two volumes of his Correspondance were published in 1899.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur — Philippe Emmanuel of Lorraine Mercoeur, Duke of Mercoeur (September 9, 1558, Nancy ndash; February 19, 1602, Nürnberg), the eldest surviving son of Nicholas, Duke of Mercoeur and Jeanne de Savoie Nemours, was a French soldier and prominent member …   Wikipedia

  • Vendôme, César, Duke de — ▪ French leader born 1594, Coucy, France died Oct. 22, 1665, Paris  leader in several aristocratic revolts during the reign of King Louis XIII of France (ruled 1610–43).       The elder son of King Henry IV by his mistress, Gabrielle d Estrées,… …   Universalium

  • Sebastien, Duke of Penthievre — Sebastien de Luxembourg, count, later duke of Penthièvre was duke of Penthievre and a peer of France.Nephew of Jean de Brosse, duc d Étampes, he was allowed to inherit his uncle s taken estates and was subsequently created the 1st Duke of… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas, Duke of Mercoeur — Nicholas of Lorraine Mercoeur, Duke of Mercoeur (Bar le Duc, October 16, 1524 ndash; January 23, 1577) was the second son of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Renée of Bourbon Montpensier.He was originally destined for an ecclesiastical career, being …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Amadeus of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours — Charles Amadeus of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours, ( fr. Charles Amédée de Savoie, Duc de Nemours) (April 12 1624 ndash; July 30 1652), was a military leader and a French magnate.He served in the army of Flanders in 1645, and in the following year… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry IV — 1. 1050 1106, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and king of Germany 1056 1106. 2. (Bolingbroke) ( Henry of Lancaster ) 1367 1413, king of England 1399 1413 (son of John of Gaunt). 3. ( Henry of Navarre ; Henry the Great ) 1553 1610, king of France …   Universalium

  • Liste der Ritter des Ordens vom Heiligen Geist — Diese Seite enthält eine Liste der Kommandeure, Offiziere und Ritter des Ordens vom Heiligen Geist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Großmeister 2 Kanzler und Siegelbewahrer 3 Vogt und Zeremonienmeister 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste des chevaliers de l'ordre du Saint-Esprit — Article principal : Ordre du Saint Esprit. Collier des chevaliers de l ordre du Saint Esprit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elisabeth de Bourbon-Vendôme — (August 1614 ndash; May 19, 1664), was a granddaughter of Henry IV, King of France and an ancestor of many European Royals. Elisabeth was born in Paris. Her father was César de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme, legitimized son of King Henry IV of France… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry IV of France's succession — to the throne in 1589 was followed by a four year war to establish his legitimacy. Henry IV inherited the throne after the assassination of Henry III, the last Valois king, who died without children. Henry was already King of Navarre, as the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”