Mayr, Simon

Mayr, Simon

▪ Italian composer
also spelled  Giovanni Simone Mayr  
born June 14, 1763, Mendorf, Bavaria [Germany]
died Dec. 2, 1845, Bergamo, Lombardy, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]

      Italian operatic and liturgical composer of German origin who was one of the first composers to use the orchestral crescendo technique made famous by Gioacchino Rossini.

      As a youth Mayr entered the University of Ingolstadt to study theology, but while there he learned to play several instruments. He later studied music in Bergamo and in Venice, where he had several oratorios produced. His popularity began with his first opera, Saffo (1794), and grew with each new work. In 1802 he was made choirmaster of Santa Maria Maggiore in Bergamo and in 1805 professor of counterpoint and director of the cathedral choir school there. After 1815, partly owing to the influence of Rossini, he concentrated on religious works, including masses, psalms, motets, and cantatas. His later style merges Italian melodic writing with the harmonic richness and orchestral nuance of the German tradition.

      Mayr wrote a commemorative biography of Joseph Haydn, many works on music theory, and an autobiography that was edited and published posthumously, and he founded two institutions for poor and elderly musicians. Of his more than 60 operas, the best-remembered include La Lodoiska (1796), Ginevra di Scozia (1801), Medea in Corinto (1813), and La rosa bianca e la rosa rossa (1813; “The White Rose and the Red Rose”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mayr — in a German surname which may refer to: Ernst Walter Mayr (1904–2005), German American evolutionary biologist Gustav Mayr (1830–1908), Austrian entomologist (Hymenoptera) Simon Marius (1573–1624), German astronomer Johann Simon Mayr (1763–1845),… …   Wikipedia

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  • Simon Marius — (latinisierte Form von Simon Mayr, * 10. Januar 1573 in Gunzenhausen, Bayern; † 26. Dezember 1624 in Ansbach (julianischer Kalender)) war ein deutscher Mathematiker, Astronom und Arzt. Simon Marius aus Mundus Iovialis Fast zeitgleich mit Galileo… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mayr — puede significar: Ernst Mayr (1904 2005) biólogo evolutivo. Simon Mayr (1763 1845) compositor alemán. Abreviaciones científicas de botánicos Mayr Heinrich Mayr 1854 1911. J.Mayr Johann Mayr fl. 1797 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mayr —   [ maɪər],    1) Ernst, amerikanischer Zoologe und Evolutionsbiologe deutscher Herkunft, * Kempten (Allgäu) 5. 7. 1904; ab 1926 am Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, 1932 53 Kustos am American Museum of Natural History in New York, 1953 75… …   Universal-Lexikon

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