Martini, Arturo

Martini, Arturo

▪ Italian sculptor
born August 11, 1889, Treviso, Italy
died March 22, 1947, Milan

      Italian sculptor who was active between the World Wars. He is known for figurative sculptures executed in a wide variety of styles and materials.

      Martini was trained in goldsmithing and in ceramics and worked for a time as a potter. In 1905 he began sculpting; he attended art classes in Italy at Treviso and Venice before traveling to Munich, Germany, where he studied under the academic sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand (Hildebrand, Adolf von) in 1909. Martini experimented with an angular and emotional Expressionist (Expressionism) style in his early works (such as The Prostitute, 1909). He first exhibited his sculptures in Paris in 1912.

      In 1921 Martini became involved with the art journal Valori plastici (“Plastic Values”), which advocated a return to Classical traditions, and his sculpture subsequently became more naturalistic (as in A Boy's Head, 1923). In 1931 he won the grand prize for sculpture at the first Quadriennale in Rome.

      Martini's works range from delicate terra-cottas such as Moonlight (1932) to dramatic figures in stone such as Thirst (1934). The large and ambitious high relief for the Palace of Justice in Milan, Corporate Justice (1937), is perhaps the pinnacle of his achievement. Martini was particularly adept at conveying the tension and movement of physical activity, as in Woman Swimming Under Water (1941). In 1945 he published a pamphlet, Sculpture: A Dead Language, in which he expressed his frustration with the limitations of the medium.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Martini, Arturo — ► (1889 1947) Escultor italiano, de un estilo personal, moderno y ligado a la tradición: La mujer que nada bajo el agua …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • martini — [ martini ] n. m. • v. 1930; marque déposée 1 ♦ Vermouth produit par la firme Martini et Rossi. Du martini blanc, rouge. Des martinis. 2 ♦ Anglic. Aux États Unis, Cocktail de gin et de martini blanc sec. ⇒ dry (2o). ● martini nom masculin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Martini — Martini, Arturo Martini, Giambattista Martini, Simone …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arturo Martini — Horse, 1926 ca. (Fondazione Cariplo) Arturo Martini (1889 1947) was a leading Italian sculptor between World War I and II. He moved between a very vigorous (almost ancient Roman) classicism and modernism. He was associated with public sculpture… …   Wikipedia

  • Arturo Martini — (* 11. August 1889 in Treviso; † 22. März 1947 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Bildhauer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arturo Toscanini — en 1908 Naissance 25 mars 1867 Parme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martini — ist der Genitiv des lateinischen Martinus und bedeutet wörtlich ‚des dem Mars zugehörigen‘. Martini steht für: Martini (Cocktail), klassischer Cocktail aus Gin oder Wodka und Wermut Wermut der Firma Martini Rossi ein religiöses Fest auf Martin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arturo Martini — Giuditta e Oloferne (1932 1933), KMM, Pays bas Arturo Martini (Trévise, 1889 – Milan, 1947) est un sculpteur italien qui a travaillé le bois, la pierre et le bronze. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arturo Toscanini — Toscanini redirects here. For other uses, see Toscanini (disambiguation). Toscanini in 1908. Arturo Toscanini (Italian pronunciation: [arˈtuːro toskaˈniːni]; March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor. One of the most… …   Wikipedia

  • Martini — Mar|ti|ni 〈ohne Artikel〉 = Martinstag ● an, zu Martini * * * Mar|ti|ni, das; <meist ohne Art.>: Martinstag. * * * I Martini,   Mạrtinstag, als Abschluss des bäuerlichen Wirtschaftsjahrs früher wichtiger Brauch , Rechts und… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”