Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso

Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso

▪ Italian-French author
in full  Filippo Tommaso Emilio Marinetti 
born Dec. 22, 1876, Alexandria
died Dec. 2, 1944, Bellagio, Italy
 Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist, the ideological founder of Futurism (q.v.), an early 20th-century literary, artistic, and political movement.

      Marinetti was educated in Egypt, France, Italy, and Switzerland and began his literary career working for an Italian–French magazine in Milan. During most of his life his base was in France, though he made frequent trips to Italy and wrote in the languages of both countries. Such early poetry as the French Destruction (1904) showed the vigour and anarchic experimentation with form characteristic of his later work. Futurism had its official beginning with the publication of his “Manifeste de Futurisme” in the Paris newspaper Le Figaro (Feb. 20, 1909; see the Manifesto of Futurism). His ideas were quickly adopted in Italy, where the writers Aldo Palazzeschi, Corrado Govoni, and Ardengo Soffici were among his most important disciples.

      Marinetti's manifesto was also endorsed by Futurist painters, who published a manifesto of their own in 1910. Such painters and sculptors as Umberto Boccioni, Giacomo Balla, and Gino Severini carried out Marinetti's ideas.

      Marinetti's later works reiterated the themes introduced in his 1909 manifesto. In 1910 he published a chaotic novel (entitled Mafarka le Futuriste in France and Mafarka il futurista in Italy), which illustrated and elaborated on his theory. He also applied Futurism to drama in such plays as the French Le Roi bombance (performed 1909; “The Feasting King”) and the Italian Anti-neutralità (1912; “Anti-Neutrality”) and summed up his dramatic theory in a prose work, Teatro sintetico futurista (1916; “Synthetic Futurist Theatre”).

      In a volume of poems, Guerra sola igiene del mundo (1915; “War the Only Hygiene of the World”), Marinetti exulted over the outbreak of World War I and urged that Italy be involved. He became an active Fascist, an enthusiastic backer of Mussolini, and argued in Futurismo e Fascismo (1924), that Fascism was the natural extension of Futurism. Although his views helped temporarily to ignite Italian patriotism, Marinetti lost most of his following by the second decade of the 20th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso — (1876–1944)    Born in Alexandria, Egypt, and educated in French language schools, Marinetti was caught up in the “free style” poetry that was coming into vogue at the turn of the century. Between 1902 and 1908, he wrote three collections of… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso — ► (1876 1944) Poeta italiano. Fundó la revista literaria Poesía. Es considerado el creador del futurismo. Autor de La palabra en libertad (1913) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso — (Alessandria d Egitto 1876 Bellagio, Como 1944) poeta, romanziere e drammaturgo; fondatore del futurismo. collab./opere: “Lacerba” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti — Born 22 December 1876 Alexandria, Egypt Died 2 December 1944(1944 12 02) …   Wikipedia

  • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti — (* 22. Dezember 1876 in Alexandria, Ägypten; † 2. Dezember 1944 in Bellagio, Italien) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller, faschistischer Politiker und Begründer des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti — Marinetti. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (Paris, Francia, 22 de diciembre de 1876 – Bellagio, Como, 2 de diciembre de 1944) fue un ideólogo, poeta y editor italiano del siglo XX, fundador del Fu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti — (né le 22 décembre 1876 à Alexandrie, Égypte, et mort le 2 décembre 1944 à Bellagio) était un écrivain italien du début du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso (Emilio) — born Dec. 22, 1876, Alexandria, Egypt died Dec. 2, 1944, Bellagio, Italy Italian French writer, the ideological founder of Futurism. In early poetry such as Destruction (1904), he showed the vigour and anarchic experimentation with form that… …   Universalium

  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso (Emilio) — (22 dic. 1876, Alejandría, Egipto–2 dic. 1944, Bellagio, Italia). Escritor ítalofrances, fundador ideológico del futurismo. En sus primeros poemas, como Distruzione [Destrucción] (1904), exhibe el vigor y la experimentación anárquica con la forma …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti — (Alejandría, Egipto, 22 de diciembre de 1876 Bellagio, Como, 2 de diciembre de 1944) fue un poeta y editor italiano del siglo XX, fundador del Futurismo …   Enciclopedia Universal

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